Each night of Ramadan we will be posting a summary of the verses usually recited in Taraweeh to gain a basic understanding of the messages of the Qur’an.
The 29th Juz is recited in this Tarawîh. This Juz includes Sûrahs Mulk, Qalam, Haqqah, Ma’ârij, Nûh, Jinn, Muzzammil, Muddathir, Qiyâmah, Insân and Mursalâh.
Allâh says in Sûrah Mulk that there is none to replace His innumerable bounties if He should ever snatch them away from people. People should therefore trust only in Allâh because He has created both life and death and only He controls them.
Sûrah Qalam makes it clear that the character of Rasulullâh Sallallâhu ‘alayhi wasallam is the highest in calibre. Allâh also instructs Rasulullâh is to exercise patience and not to supplicate to Allâh in anger, as Yunus did. The Sûrah also warns the Kuffâr about the punishment they stand to face in this world as well as in the Âkhirâh.
A startling description of Qiyâmah is given in Sûrah Hâqa, where Allâh also speaks of the punishment that the Kuffâr will receive and the rewards that will accrue to the pious. Allâh concludes the Sûrah by stating that the Qur’ân is definitely a revelation from Allâh and neither a composition of a poet nor the ramblings of a fortune‑teller.
In Sûrah Ma’ârij, Allâh says that man is a weak creature who becomes perplexed when facing any adversity and miserly when enjoying good fortune. Allâh warns all miserly people who hoard their wealth that they should beware of the terrible fire of Jahannam which will strip off their skins.
Sûrah Nûh recounts the story of Nûh who tirelessly preached to his people for a long time. However, the wretched people refused to accept his message and relentlessly opposed him. Frustrated by their stubborn * attitude, Nûh eventually prayed to Allâh to destroy them. As a result of this, they were drowned in a deluge which spared only the Mu’minîn with Nûh in the ark.
Sûrah Jinn speaks of the praises that some Jinn expressed about the Qur’ân when they heard Rasulullâh Sallallâhu ‘alayhi wasallam reciting it. They believed in the Qur’ân and attested to Allâh’s oneness. The Sûrah also makes it clear that only Allâh possesses knowledge of the unseen. of course, Allâh does impart a bit of this knowledge to His Ambiyâ by means of divine revelation.
In Sûrah Muzzammil Allâh addresses Rasulullâh it as the one who is shrouded in a blanket. Allâh commands Rasulullâh it to‑stand in Salâh for half the night or less, and to recite the Qur’ân in slow measured tones. Worshipping Allâh during the night is an effective means of purifying the soul and readily accepted by Allâh. Allâh also encourages zakâh and spending in charity because any good act will be of tremendous benefit in the Âkhirâh.
With a different word Muddathir, Allâh again addresses Rasulullâh Sallallâhu ‘alayhi wasallam one shrouded in a blanket. Allâh commands Rasulullâh to propagate Islâm and to hymn the praises of Allâh’s glory and grandeur. Allâh also commands Rasulullâh Sallallâhu ‘alayhi wasallam to abstain from ail impurities and to behave kindly towards people without expecting anything in return. As in many previous Sûrahs, Allâh urges Rasulullâh Sallallâhu ‘alayhi wasallam to patiently endure the harassment of the Kuffâr without retaliation. The Sûrah also stresses that the Qur’ân is a book of guidance that will benefit those people whom Allâh leads aright.
In Sûrah Qiyâmah, Allâh instructs Rasulullâh it that he should not exert himself to repeat immediately the words of revelation when it is revealed to him. He was to listen attentively, after which Allâh would ensure that he remembered everything.
Allâh says in Sûrah Dahar that He instilled the capacity to discern between right and wrong in every person. Man therefore has the choice either to be grateful to Allâh or to be ungrateful. However, the ungrateful will have to suffer punishment for their ingratitude while the grateful will be immensely rewarded with the eternal bliss of Jannah. Allâh lauds the Mu’minîn who, despite their own need, assist the needy without expecting remuneration or even a word of thanks in return.
The Juz concludes with Sûrah Mursalâh, which confirms that Qiyâmah will definitely take place. It will be a day when Allâh’s judgement will be decisive and binding. Whoever wishes to be obedient shall be such. On the other hand, those people whose evil acts have surrounded them shall remain rebellious and will have to face the punishment for their acts.
The 28th Juz is recited in this Tarawîh. It includes Sûrahs Mujâdalah, Hashar, Mumtahina, Saff, Jumu’ah, Munâfiqûn, Taghâbun, Talâq and Tahrîm.
Mujâdalah begins this Juz. Allâh states that it is foolish for any person to refer to his wife as his mother (as a method of separating from her). If a man does this, it will be Harâm for him to cohabit with his wife until he pays the required Kafâra. The Kafâra is that he frees a slave (male or female), fasts for two consecutive months or feeds sixty poor people.
Thereafter, Allâh teaches the etiquette of gatherings and warns people against hosting secret meetings to plot against Rasulullâh Sallallâhu ‘alayhi wasallam or to commit other sins. Allâh says that such meetings are among the acts of Shaytân.
In Sûrah Hashar thereafter, Allâh states that the true Mu’minîn are those people who assist the Muslims who migrate for Allâh and Rasulullâh Sallallâhu ‘alayhi wasallam. They are people who do not close their hearts despite living in difficult circumstances. Rather, they give preference to others above themselves. The Munâfiqîn are completely different because they display the traits of Shaytân. They encourage people to commit evil acts and then excuse themselves saying that they have nothing to do with these people. Allâh urges people to heed the advice of the Qur’ân, which is so mighty that it can crush mountains under its weight.
Sûrah Mumtahina begins after Sûrah Hashar. Allâh tells the Mu’minîn in this Sûrah that they should terminate all secretive contact with the Kuffâr after migrating to Madinah. The Kuffâr are enemies to the Muslims and will never be their allies. A Muslim can never trust a kâfir because the ambition of the kâfir is to convert the Muslim into a kâfir like himself/ herself. Allâh also states that the faith of a woman should be tested when she migrates to the Muslims. She must be allowed to remain among the Muslims if she is found to be sincere.
Addressing the Mu’minîn in Sûrah Saff, Allâh admonishes them for claiming to do things that they have not done. This is an extremely serious crime in Allâh’s sight. Allâh loves those Mu’minîn who stand together like a fortified wall when facing the enemy in Jihâd. Allâh then quotes Îsa who prophesised the advent of Rasulullâh to the Bani Isrâ’îl, referring to Rasulullâh Sallallâhu ‘alayhi wasallam as “Ahmed”. Allâh ends the Sûrah by assuring the Mu’minîn that the Kuffâr will never be able to extinguish Allâh’s light and that Allâh will definitely grant them victory over their enemies.
In Sûrah Jumu’ah, Allâh explicitly states, “0 you who believe! When you are called for Salâh on the day of Jumu’ah (Friday), then hasten towards Allâh’s remembrance and leave all trade. This is best for you if you only knew. Thereafter, when the Salâh has been completed, then spread out on earth and seek from Allâh’s bounty (sustenance) and remember Allâh in abundance so that you may succeed” (verses 9 and 10). The concluding verse of the Sûrah states: “Allâh is the Best Sustainer”.
Allâh addresses Rasulullâh Sallallâhu ‘alayhi wasallam in Sûrah Munafiqûn, warning him to beware of them. Allâh says that the words and acts of the Munâfiqîn contradict their thoughts and feelings. They falsely take solemn oaths in Allâh’s name whereas they are devoid of Imân.
In Sûrah Taghâbun, Allâh states that only He created everyone. Allâh made some people Kuffâr and made others Mu’minîn with wealth and children as tests for them. Allâh will forgive those people who are rightly guided.
Allâh mentions in Sûrah Talâq that husbands should divorce their wives only when the wives are not menstruating. The Iddah should be meticulously observed and it will be regarded as an act of immorality if a woman has to emerge from her home during the Iddah. The Iddah of a non-menstruating divorcee is three months, while the Iddah of a pregnant divorcee will terminate as soon as she delivers. The husband will have to maintain his pregnant wife after the divorce until she delivers his child.
Addressing Rasulullâh Sallallâhu ‘alayhi wasallam in Sûrah Tahrîm, Allâh tells him not to forsake Allâh’s bounties for the sake of his ‘wives. Allâh also tells Rasulullâh Sallallâhu ‘alayhi wasallam that he should pay the Kafâra to be absolved from his vow. Allâh cautions that any person who wishes to oppose Rasulullâh, will have to face the resistance of Allâh, Jibra’îl and all the pious Muslims at large.
Highlighting the fact that Imân is a gift from Allâh that a person does not attain by simply associating with pious people, Allâh speaks about the wives of Nûh and Lût both of whom died as Kuffâr. On the other hand, the wife of Fir’aun passed away as a Mu’mina.
The 27th Juz is recited in this Tarawîh
This Juz begins with verse 31 of Sûrah Dhâriyât and includes Sûrahs Tûr, Najm, Qamar, Rahmân, Wâqi’ah and Hadîd.
The Juz opens with the incident of Ibrahîm Alayhis Salâm when some angels visited him in the guise of humans and informed him of the imminent birth of his son Is’hâq Alayhis Salâm When he asked them what their duty was, they replied that they were out to rain a shower of stones upon the nation of Lût Alayhis Salâm They had been sent to punish these people.
Allâh then relates the incidents of Mûsa the Âd, the Thamud and the nation of Nûh The Sûrah expounds Allâh’s greatness, establishes Tauhîd and Risâlah and then describes the purpose of man’s creation in the following words: “I have created man and Jinn only to worship Me” (verse 56). Allâh stresses that He sustains all and does not require sustenance from anyone.
Sûrah Tûr commences next. In this Sûrah, Allâh warns the rejecters of the Day of Qiyâmah that the day will be so severe that the heavens and the earth will tremble and mountains will fly about like cotton‑wool. The Kuffâr will be thrown into Jahannam and the punishment will be severe for those who reject the truth. It is only foolish people who will harass a Nabî who only wishes well for them. Those who reject the truth are really evil in nature. Allâh urges Rasulullâh Sallallâhu ‘alayhi wasallam to be patient and assures him that he will certainly be assisted.
Sûrah Najm thereafter makes mention of the miraculous journey of Mi’râj. Allâh says that Rasulullâh Sallallâhu ‘alayhi wasallam had neither gone astray nor erred and that he drew so close to Allâh that there scarcely remained the distance between two ends of a bow between them. Allâh makes it clear that Rasulullâh’s Sallallâhu ‘alayhi wasallam eyes did not deceive him and that he saw everything clearly. Allâh then spoke certain things to Rasulullâh about which no third being has any knowledge.
Allâh tells people that that they should never doubt the words of Rasulullâh Sallallâhu ‘alayhi wasallam especially concerning the Mi’râj because “he does not speak of his own will. Everything he says is revelation that descends on him.” (verse 41)
In Sûrah Qamar thereafter, Allâh speaks about Rasulullâh’s Sallallâhu ‘alayhi wasallam miracle of splitting the moon; a miracle that foretold the eventual defeat of the Kuffâr. Allâh says that the Kuffâr are unlikely to mend their ways because they refer to the miracles of Rasulullâh Sallallâhu ‘alayhi wasallam as magic. However, the time is near when they will hang their heads in remorse and flee from the truth.
Sûrah Rahmân follows Sûrah Qamar as the 55th Sûrah of the Qur’ân. In this Sûrah, Allâh enumerates a large number of bounties that He has bestowed on man. Throughout the Sûrah Allâh repeatedly asks, “Which bounty of your Rabb will you two (man and Jinn) deny?” Among the other bounties, Allâh speaks of man’s creation, the knowledge Allâh granted man, and the creation of everything else that is of use to man. By identifying all these bounties, man is introduced to Allâh. The Sûrah also describes the Âkhirâh and highlights the fact that everything besides Allâh is perishable. Allâh asserts, “Everything on earth shall perish but the countenance of your Majestic and Benevolent Rabb shall remain.” (verse 27)
Sûrah Wâqi’ah describes the advent of Qiyâmah when the records of righteous people’s acts will be given in their right hands, while those of the Kuffâr and sinners will be given in their left hands from behind their backs. The Sûrah States that the diet of the people of Jahannam shall be the fruit of a poisonous tree and scalding water. Allâh ends the Sûrah by drawing man’s attention to the fact that the Qur’ân is a great blessing from Allâh, which has an elevated position in the Lawhul Mahfûdh [The Protected Tablet] in the heavens.
Sûrah Hadîd follows Sûrah Wâqi’ah by stating that every creation glorifies Allâh. Allâh exhorts Muslims to spend in His way; this is regarded as a loan yielding a minimum of ten times the reward. Pious people neither become despondent when afflicted with adversities nor do they behave boastfully and arrogantly when enjoying prosperity. According to their acts, these are the ones who will attain the status of Siddîq and Shahîd. Allâh also tells the Ahlul Kitâb that Allâh bestows His grace and favour upon whomsoever He wills.
The 26th Juz is recited in this Tarawîh.
This Juz includes the entire Surahs Ahqâf, Muhammad, Fatah, Hujurât, Qâf and Dhâriyât.
This Juz commences with Sûrah Ahqâf, in which Allâh states that He has created the universe only for a stipulated period of time. The system of the universe functions according to Allâh’s perfect plan, yet the Kuffâr still adamantly oppose the truth. Allâh commands man to treat his parents kindly, reminding him that his mother bore him with hardship and delivered him with hardship.
When this man grows up to be righteous, he will express gratitude to Allâh, whereupon Allâh will accept his acts and forgive him for his shortcomings. However, Allâh will punish those Who oppose their parents and disobey them.
Thereafter, Allâh makes mention of the time when a group of the Jinn listened to Rasulullâh Sallallâhu ‘alayhi wasallam reciting the Qur’ân and then conveyed the message of Islâm to their people.
Sûrah Muhammad follows Sûrah Ahqâf. Allâh says that the acts of people will be destroyed when, apart from adhering to kufr, they also enjoin others to do the same. Allâh will also forgive the sins of those who possess imân and practise the guidance given to them. In addition to this, Allâh will also correct their acts.
Allâh also commands the Muslims to wage Jihâd until the enemy surrenders. Those people who are averse to Jihâd after imân and guidance have come to them have definitely fallen prey to Shaytân because Shaytân makes evil acts seem appealing and makes people entertain hopes of long lives. Eventually, the acts of such people are destroyed. Allâh also tells people to ponder about the verses of the, Qur’ân because this will illuminate their hearts and their minds.
Sûrah Fatah follows Sûrah Muhammad. In this Sûrah, Allâh speaks about the Treaty of Hudaybiyyah which turned out to be a tremendous victory for the Muslims. Allâh says in verse 10, “Verity those who pledge allegiance to you (O Rasulullâh) have actually pledged allegiance to Allâh. Allâh’s hand is above theirs.”
Allâh adds that those who violate their pledge and turn away from Jihâd become deserving of a terrible punishment.
Allâh declares in the final verse of this Sûrah, “Muhammad Sallallâhu ‘alayhi wasallam is Allâh’s Nabî and those with him are hard on the disbelievers, yet compassionate towards each other.” (verse 29)
Sûrah Hujurât, which follows Sûrah Fatah, contains teachings that are pertinent to good character. The Sûrah teaches Muslims the etiquette of social interaction and good manners. The Sûrah especially emphasises the refinement of manners te be displayed when in the presence of Rasulullâh Sallallâhu ‘alayhi wasallam and near his rooms. In fact, failure to observe etiquette in Rasulullâh’s Sallallâhu ‘alayhi wasallam presence may lead to one’s acts being rejected. The Sûrah highlights the importance of cordial and amicable behaviour towards each other and equates backbiting to eating the flesh of a brother’s corpse.
The next Sûrah is Sûrah Qâf, in which man is told that Allâh is closer to him than his own jugular vein. Allâh also reminds man that two angels have been appointed to record the acts of every person. These records will be closely examined on the Day of Qiyâmah.
Sûrah Dhâriyât begins thereafter Allâh tells man that Qiyâmah is inevitable and that every person will receive the recompense due to him/her for every good and evil act committed. The evil ones will suffer punishment while the righteous Mu’minîn will enjoy the bounties of Jannah.
Allâh describes the people of imân as those who sleep very little, who awaken during the early hours of the morning to beseech Allâh for forgiveness, and who spend their wealth to assist those who ask of them as well as those who do not ask. The incidents of certain Ambiyâ are then mentioned briefly.
Pray Allâh bless us all with the realisation of what is to come in the Âkhirâh. Âmîn.
The entire 25th Juz is recited in this Tarawîh. This recitation begins with verse 47 of Sûrah Hâ Mîm Sajdah and includes Sûrah Shura, Zukhruf, Dukhân and Jâthiya.
Allâh makes it clear that He is the only One Who knows when Qiyâmah will take place. Allâh then speaks of man’s ingratitude when He says, “When We favour man, he is averse and turns away. But when hardship afflicts him, he becomes one of vast prayers.” (verse 51, Sûrah Hâ Mîm Sajdah)
Those who doubt the advent of Qiyâmah should bear in mind that Allâh has the might to do as He pleases. Sûrah Shura begins after Sûrah Hâ Mîm Sajdah and Allâh tells the Mushrikîn that there is nothing astonishing about the fact that He teaches His book to the Ambiyâ via revelation. Allâh adds that the sins of the Mushrikîn are so grave that it would be no wonder if the severity of their sins should cause the sky to come crashing down on them. They are also warned that their abode shall be Jahannam where there will be none to assist them.
Allâh instructs Rasulullâh Sallallâhu ‘alayhi wasallam to tell the people, “Say, ‘I ask of you no recompense (for my preaching), save for the love between relatives` (verse 23). This obligatory love demands that the Kuffâr at least refrain from harming Rasulullâh Sallallâhu ‘alayhi wasallam. Allâh will ensure that people are rewarded in full for their good acts. In verse 43 Allâh lauds the persevering people when He says, “Whoever will exercise patience and pardon, that will certainly be of the most resolute matters.”
Allâh says further that it is inappropriate that He speaks directly to any human being. Allâh says, “It is only appropriate for a human that Allâh speaks to him by means of inspiration, or from behind a veil, or that He sends a Nabî who conveys the revelation by Allâh’s command, as He pleases. Verily Allâh is Exalted, The Wise.” (verse 51)
Sûrah Zukhruf follows Sûrah Shura. Allâh tells the Mushrikîn that they should not fool themselves by thinking that revelation of the Qur’ân will cease because of their disobedience and sins. Allâh has never stopped sending Ambiyâ, or revelation on account of the Kuffâr’s evil. On the contrary, Allâh kept sending Ambiyâ with revelation, as a result of which the evil of the Kuffâr was crushed.
Allâh also stresses that He has no children and that none has the ability to intercede on behalf of those who have gone astray.
Sûrah Dukhân follows Sûrah Zukhruf as the 44th Sûrah of the Qur’ân. Allâh states, “We have revealed it (the Qur’ân) on a blessed night. Verily We are the Warners. The decision of every matter of wisdom is passed on this night as a command proceeding from Us.” (verses 3-5)
Listening and reciting the Qur’ân draws Allâh’s mercy on condition that a person has perfect conviction. Everything is within Allâh’s kingdom and He alone gives life and death. When punishment overtakes people because of their sins, they cry out to Allâh saying, “O our Rabb! Remove this punishment from us and we will surely believe” (verse 12). However, when Allâh removes the punishment they do not take heed but revert to their former ways of disbelief. However, the Âkhirâh shall certainly arrive when they will be cast into Jahanham where “the tree of Zaqqûm shall be food for the sinful.” (verse 43-44)
Sûrah Dukhân is followed by Sûrah Jâthiya where Allâh mentions many signs of His might. Among these are the creation of man, the creation of the animals, the alternation of night and day, the flourishing of barren ground after rains, the turning of the winds and the sailing of the ships. All these phenomena are for man’s benefit and will teach him about Allâh’s greatness, if he takes the time to reflect.
The last two verses of the Sûrah declare: “All praise is for Allâh, the Rabb of the heavens and the earth; the Rabb of the universe. To Him belongs all majesty in the heavens and the earth; and He is The Mighty, The Wise.” (verses 36-37)
May Allâh grant us the ability to recognise His Might and may He bless us with the wealth of conviction. Âmîn.
The 24th Juz is recited in this Tarawîh. It commences with verse 32 (if Sûrah Zumar and includes Sûrah Mu’min and Sûrah Hâ-Mîm Sajdah.
Allâh says in the first verse of the Juz, “Who can be more unjust than he who lies about Allâh, and rejects the truth when it comes to him? Is there no abode for the disbelievers in Jahannam? The one who brings the truth and confirms it, these are the people who are abstinent.” (verses 32/3 of Sûrah Zumar)
Allâh promises that He will assist Rasulullâh Sallallâhu ‘alayhi wasallam when He declares in verse 36, “Is Allâh not Sufficient for His bondsman?” Allâh also addresses Rasulullâh Sallallâhu ‘alayhi wasallam. It saying, “Without doubt, We have revealed to you a Book with the truth for the people. Whoever is rightly-guided, is guided for his benefit, and whoever is misguided, then it is to his own detriment. You have not been sent as a warner over them (and therefore cannot be held responsible for their acts).” (verse 41)
Allâh emphasises that sustenance proceeds only from Him and that the Kuffâr always have a chance to be forgiven if they repent to Allâh sincerely.
Sûrah Mu’min follows Sûrah Zumar. Allâh declares in this Sûrah, “This Book is revealed from Allâh, The Mighty, The All Knowing, the Forgiver of sins, Acceptor of repentance, Stern in punishment, and All Powerful. There is none worthy of worship besides Him, and all shall return to Him.” (verses 2 and 3)
In verse 4 Allâh addresses Rasulullâh Sallallâhu ‘alayhi wasallam as well as the Mu’minîn when He says, “It is only the disbelievers who argue about Allâh’s verses, so let not their travelling about through the lands (and their apparent might) deceive you (because Allâh will soon punish them and they are destined to be fuel for Jahannam).”
Allâh urges all Muslims to worship only Allâh and to abstain from shirk even though the Kuffâr and Mushrikîn detest this. Allâh sent the Ambiyâ to warn people of the difficult Day of Qiyâmah when every act will be apparent. It will be a day of justice and every person will receive the full recompense for whatever good or evil s/he did. Allâh’s judgement will be binding and He will not be the least unjust to anyone.
Allâh declares in verse 51, “We shall definitely assist Our Ambiyâ and those who believe in this worldly life, as well as on the Day witnesses will stand (the Day of Qiyâmah).” It will therefore be wisest for people to seek refuge with Allâh and bear in mind that “The blind and seeing cannot be equal, neither can those who believe and do good acts be equal to the sinner. Little is it that they take heed.” (verse 58)
Sûrah Hâ Mîm Sajdah (also known as Sûrah Fussilat) begins after Sûrah Mu’min. Allâh says in verse 4 of the Sûrah that the Qur’ân is both “a bearer of glad tidings (for the righteous Mu’minîn) and a warner (for the others).” Allâh instructs Rasulullâh to announce to the people that he is also a human being like themselves, the only difference being that revelation comes to him. It is this revelation that stresses “that your Deity is only One. So remain devoted to Him, and seek forgiveness from Him.” (verse 6)
Allâh exhorts Muslims to pay their zakâh and to have a firm conviction in the advent of Qiyâmah, when their limbs will testify against them. Allâh also advises Muslims to seek refuge with Allâh whenever Shaytân attempts to mislead them because Allâh is All Hearing and All Knowing. Only Allâh is worthy of worship.
The twenty-third Juz is recited in this Tarawîh. It includes the remainder of Sûrah Yâ-Sîn, Sûrah Sâffât, Sûrah Sâd and a part of Sûrah Zumar.
The Juz begins with words that every person should actually ask himself, “Why should I not worship the One Who has created me, and to Whom you all shall return?” (verse 22)
Allâh also declares, “What anguish about My bondsmen! They mock every Nabî that comes to them. Have they not seen (or have they forgotten) how many were the nations that We destroyed before them? They will certainly never return to them. They will all be present before Us collectively” (verses 30 to 32)
Thereafter, Allâh mentions numerous phenomena that denote His great creative ability. Mention of Jahannam and Jannah follow, when Allâh says, ‘Verily the people of Jannah will be joyous in their occupation on this day (of Qiyâmah)” (verse 55). Allâh concludes this glorious Sûrah by saying, “Pure is that Being in Whose hand lies the reins of everything, and to Whom you will all be returned.” (verse 83)
Sûrah Sâffât follows Sûrah Yâ-Sîn. Allâh opens the Sûrah by taking several oaths and declaring that He is the only Master and Controller of the universe and that His system is free from the interference of the Shayâtîn. On the Day of Qiyâmah, the Mushrikîn will become fuel for the fire of Jahannam along with their idols and gods.
Allâh then mentions how Hadhrat Ibrahîm Alayhis Salâm and his son Hadhrat Isma’îl Alayhis Salâm were successful in the trial that Allâh put them through when He commanded Hadhrat Ibrahîm Alayhis Salâm to sacrifice Hadhrat Isma’îl Alayhis Salâm. At the last moment, Allâh replaced Hadhrat Isma’îl Alayhis Salâm with a ram from Jannah and the act of sacrificing an animal was made a practice for all Hadhrat Ibrahîm’s Sallallâhu ‘alayhi wasallam progeny to emulate.
After making brief mention of a few Ambiyâ, Allâh says, “Yunus was certainly from the Ambiya” (verse 139). Thereafter, Allâh recounts the epic of Hadhrat Yunus who grew weary of his people’s rejection and left the town without Allâh’s permission. When he undertook a journey by sea, a huge fish swallowed him whole. While in the fish’s stomach He repented to Allâh and Allâh forgave him. Allâh removed him from the fish’s belly and returned him to land.
Sûrah Sâd follows Sûrah Sâffât. Allâh speaks of the obstinacy and pride of the Mushrikîn who did not want to accept the truth and refused even to listen to Rasulullâh Sallallâhu ‘alayhi wasallam. Allâh says that it is strange that “They are surprised that a warner has come from among them.” (verse 4)
Allâh then reminds man of the various nations of the past that were destroyed on account of their sins so that people do not follow in their footsteps. Allâh also exhorts Rasulullâh t. to patiently bear the harassment of the Kuffâr. The Sûrah then proceeds to recount an incident in the life of Hadhrat Dawûd when Allâh tested him by making him judge a dispute between two persons. When he realised that it was a test from Allâh, he fell down in prostration before Allâh and begged forgiveness.
The incident of Hadhrat Ayyûb Alayhis Salâm, follows that of Hadhrat Dawood Alayhis Salâm and another of Hadhrat Sulaymân Allâh speaks about the severe illness that afflicted Hadhrat Ayyûb Alayhis Salâm which he endured with tremendous perseverance. Allâh then talks about certain other Ambiyâ, all of whom Allâh says were “from the very best.” (verse 48)
Thereafter, Allâh mentions that He granted Iblîs respite to live until the Day of Qiyâmah. Although he will mislead mankind, he will have no power to mislead those whom Allâh has specially selected.
Sûrah Zumar follows Sûrah Sâd and explains that Allâh will not guide people who lie and who refuse to believe. The Sûrah also emphasises that Allâh has not taken anyone as His son. Allâh is Alone, Omnipotent and does not require anything from the creation. Every person will have to account for his own doings when people are returned to Allâh on the Day of Qiyâmah.
Allâh says that the Qur’ân is a book of advice and guidance which contains subject matter that is clear and without crookedness. By heeding its teachings, misguided people may be rightly guided and may save themselves from a grievous punishment.
The twenty-second Juz is recited in this Tarawîh. It covers Sûrahs Ahzab, Saba, Fâtir and Yâ-Sîn.
Referring to the time when Rasulullâh Sallallâhu ‘alayhi wasallam was upset with his wives on some account, Allâh tells them, “Oh wives of the Nabî! You are not like any other women (but higher in status)” (verse 32). Allâh instructs them never to make a display of themselves and to learn the Qur’ân and Sunnah from their homes, which they could then teach to others.
Allâh advises that His commands be carried out even though difficulties have to be borne in achieving the same. Allâh then states, Muhammad Sallallâhu ‘alayhi wasallam is not the father of any man among you, but he is Allâh’s Nabî and the seal of all Nabîs.” (verse 40)
In honour of Rasulullâh Sallallâhu ‘alayhi wasallam, Allâh says in verse 56, “Verily Allâh and his angels shower their special mercies on the Nabî. O you who believe! Convey mercies and salutations upon him.”
Thereafter, Allâh makes mention of numerous laws of marriage, divorce, Iddah and Hijâb. In verse 70, Allâh commands the Muslims to speak only what is good because this will afford them the capacity to carry out good acts. Allâh makes it clear that the only road to success is in following the teachings of Allâh and Rasulullâh Sallallâhu ‘alayhi wasallam. In verse 72, Allâh says that the awesome trust of upholding the Sharî’ah was offered to the heavens, the earth and the mountains but they all shrank from the task. It was only man who was able to bear the responsibility. Allâh curses the Kuffâr and Munâfiqîn in this Sûrah, after which the Sûrah closes with the mention of Allâh’s mercy.
After Sûrah Ahzâb, Sûrah Saba begins with the dynamic statement that “All praise belongs to Allâh, to Whom belongs whatever is in the heavens and whatever is in the earth. All praise belongs to Him in the Âkhirâh as well. He is The Wise, The Informed.” Allâh dispels the foolish argument of the Kuffâr who say that they must be correct in their beliefs and acts because Allâh has not yet annihilated them with His punishment. Allâh tells Rasulullâh Sallallâhu ‘alayhi wasallam that he should warn these Kuffâr that Allâh’s punishment can afflict them at any stage just as it struck the nations of the past. There are lessons to be learnt from these incidents for people with imân.
Relating the incidents of various Ambiyâ, Allâh begins with the narrative of Dawûd Allâh made iron soft for him, which he could mould as he pleased. Allâh also subjugated the birds and mountains for him, all of which would hymn Allâh’s dhikr along with him. Allâh made a spring of copper gush forth for Sulaymân Alayhis Salâm and also granted him control over the winds and the jinn.
Allâh speaks about the people of Saba in this Sûrah, whom Allâh destroyed in a flood because they were ungrateful for the bounties that He had bestowed on them.
Sûrah Fâtir follows Sûrah Saba as the 35th Sûrah of the Qur’ân. In this Sûrah, Allâh states that He has created the heavens and the earth without any previous example. Thereafter, Allâh states that He “made the angels, possessing two, three and four wings. Allâh increases in His creation as He pleases. Verily Allâh has power over all things. There is none to withhold the mercy Allâh opens to people, and there is none to release the mercy that He withholds. He is The Mighty, The Wise.” (verses 1 and 2)
Thereafter, Allâh warns man to beware of Shaytân’s ploys because he beautifies the sins of people so that sin appears to be virtuous to them. Shaytân must be treated as the avowed enemy he is to man. Speaking about those who spend their wealth for Allâh’s pleasure, Allâh says that He will “grant them their reward in full and increase them from His grace. Verily He is Most Forgiving, Most Appreciative.” (verse 30)
Every being is dependent on Allâh, Who has power to do whatever He pleases. Allâh declares in verse 45, “If Allâh was to take man to task for whatever he does, Allâh would not leave a single living creature on the face of the earth (because His punishment would destroy them all). But Allâh defers them until an appointed term.”
Sûrah Yâ-Sîn follows Sûrah Fâtir. Allâh says that that He has revealed the Qur’ân to Rasulullâh Sallallâhu ‘alayhi wasallam so that he may guide people. However, there are those Kuffâr who have veils upon their hearts and will not respond. Regarding them Allâh says, “It the same to them whether you warn them or you do not warn them. They will never believe. You can only warn him who follows the advice and fears Rahmân without seeing Him. Give him the glad tidings of forgiveness and a bountiful provision.” (verses 10 and 11)
The concluding verse of this Juz advises, “Follow those who do not ask any remuneration from you, and who are rightly guided.” (verse 21)
This summary of the 20th Tarawîh covers the Twenty-first Juz; which is made up of part of Sûrah Ankabût, the entire Sûrah Rûm, Sûrah Luqman, Sûrah Sajdah, and a part of Sûrah Ahzâb) (up to verse 30)
Beginning of the Twenty-First Juz
Allâh addresses Rasulullâh juz saying. “Recite that of the Book, which has been revealed to you and establish Salâh. Verily Salâh forbids from obscenity and evil.” (verse 45)
So that the Ahlul Kitâb [Jews and Christians] can accept Islâm, Allâh advises, “Only debate with the People of the Book with that which is best; save for those of them who are unjust. And say, ‘We believe in what was revealed to us (the Qur’ân) and what was revealed to you (just as well). Our deity and your deity is One and we surrender to Him.'” (verse 46) .
Allâh mentions how strange it is that the Kuffâr believe that Rasulullâh wrote the Qur’ân whereas they all knew well that he was unlettered. It is obvious that the Qur’ân could have proceeded only from Allâh. Allâh addresses the Mu’minîn saying, “Oh My believing bondsmen! Indeed my earth is vast, so worship Me only (wherever you may go). Every soul shall taste death, after which you people will be returned to Us.” (verse 56/71)
Later in the Sûrah, Allâh discusses 3annah and also mentions that all sustenance comes from Allâh only. Thereafter Allâh says that He will certainly guide those who strive in His cause. Allâh says, “We shall definitely show Our avenues to those who endure suffering in Our cause. Verily Allâh is certainly with those who do good.” (verse 69)
After Sûrah Ankabût, Sûrah Rûm begins by telling people that although the Persians defeated the Romans in battle, the Mu’minîn will be pleased to note that the Romans will be victorious within a few years. Thereafter, Allâh cites numerous signs that denote His great power and might. Allâh then asserts that Islâm is true and cannot be altered. Allâh adds, “This is the upright religion, but most people do not know.” (verse 30)
Allâh also announces to people that trade involving interest can never be profitable because it is Harâm and devoid of blessings. Blessings are in that wealth from which Zakâh is paid. Allâh says in verse 39, “Whatever interest you give to increase people’s wealth does not increase in Allâh’s sight. Whatever you give in zakâh, seeking Allâh’s pleasure, then such people truly multiply (their rewards).”
Allâh also tells Rasulullâh it that there will be some people who will never accept the truth despite his most concerted efforts. This is because the seal of ignorance has been stamped on their hearts. The entire Sûrah Rûm centres around the following three subjects:
- The purpose behind the creation of everything.
- The proofs of Tauhîd.
- Islâm is a natural endowment.
After Sûrah Rûm, Sûrah Luqmân commences by stating, “These are verses of the Wise Book (the Qur’ân, which is a means of) guidance and mercy for those who do good.” Thereafter, Allâh speaks about another breed of people when He says (in verse 6) that there are those who seek futile pastimes which deviate them from remembering Allâh. Allâh then conveys the message of Tauhîd.”
Later in the Sûrah, Allâh speaks about Luqmân and quotes his words of advice. Allâh says, “We certainly granted wisdom to Luqmân (inspiring him) to express gratitude to Allâh. Whoever will be grateful to Allâh, expresses gratitude for his own benefit. As for him who is ungrateful, Allâh is certainly Independent, Most Worthy of praise.” (verse 12)
Luqmân never perpetrated shirk and he also enjoined his children never to commit this vile act. Allâh declares, “Oh people!
Fear Allâh and beware of the day when a father will be of no avail to his son, nor will a child be of any avail to his father” (verse 33). The Sûrah also advises man not to walk with pride, not to turn one’s face away from another, and not to raise his voice because the worst of all sounds is the braying of the donkey. Allâh then repeats the message of Tauhîd when He cites various bounties that He has bestowed on man.
Allâh concludes Sûrah Luqmân with the verse: “Verily the knowledge of Qiyâmah is only with Allâh, He sends the rains and knows what is in the wombs. A soul does not know what it will earn tomorrow and does not know which land it will die in. Undoubtedly Allâh is All Knowing, All Informed.”
Sûrah Sajdah begins after Sûrah Luqmân and discusses the truth of the Qur’ân and the distinction of man. Allâh states that the Kuffâr are truly foolish to believe that although Allâh created the heavens, the earth and all of creation, he could not reveal the Qur’ân. Allâh says about these rejecters, “Who is more unjust than he who is reminded of the verses of his Rabb and then turns away from them? We will certainly exact retribution from the criminals.” (verse 22)
Allâh concludes the Sûrah by telling Rasulullâh Sallallâhu ‘alayhi wasallam it, “So turn away from them and wait. They are also waiting.” (verse 30)
Allâh then begins Sûrah Ahzâb by saying, “Oh Nabî Sallallâhu ‘alayhi wasallam. Fear Allâh and do not follow the disbelievers and the hypocrites. Undoubtedly Allâh is ever the All Knowing, the Wise. Follow what has been revealed to you from your Rabb. Allâh is Ever Informed of what you do.”
Allâh makes it clear in this Sûrah that he has neither granted any wife the status of her husband’s mother nor has He granted any adopted child the status of a biological child. Allâh says that adopted children will retain the name of their biological fathers and should not be referred to as the children of the adoptive father.
Allâh says about Rasulullâh and his wives, “The Nabî Sallallâhu ‘alayhi wasallam has a greater relationship with the Mu’minîn than even their own selves, and his wives are their mothers.” (verse 6)
In verse 19 Allâh speaks about those people who refuse to participate in jihâd out of fear for Jihâd itself or out of fear for death. Allâh says about them: “These are the ones who do not believe, so Allâh annihilates their acts.” Towards the end of the Sûrah Allâh tells people, “There is definitely an excellent example in Allâh’s Nabî Sallallâhu ‘alayhi wasallam for the one who fears Allâh and the Last Day, and remembers Allâh abundantly.” (verse 21)
May Allâh make us practise habitually upon the teachings of the Sharî’ah and have perfect trust in Him. May He cast us into the mould of Islâm and allow us to follow in the footsteps of Rasulullâh Sallallâhu ‘alayhi wasallam. Âmîn.
End of the Twenty-First Juz
This summary of the nineteenth Tarawîh covers the Twentieth Juz.
Beginning of the Twentieth Juz
Allâh also declares, “Say, ‘None in the heavens and the earth has knowledge of the unseen besides Allâh. They (others besides Allâh) do not even know when they will be resurrected (for the Day of Qiyâmah)” (verse 65). None besides Allâh has knowledge of when Qiyâmah will take place. However people are assured that “Indeed your Rabb knows what their hearts conceal and what they disclose.” (verse 74)
Towards the end of Sûrah Naml, Allâh describes the scene of Qiyâmah when He says, “The day when the trumpet will be blown and all within the heavens and the earth will be terrified, except those whom Allâh wills. They will all come to Allâh in humility. You will look at the mountains, thinking them to be solid, but they will be passing by like clouds. This is the doing of Allâh, Who perfects everything. Indeed He is informed of what you do. Whoever brings a good act, shall receive something better. And they will be safe from the terror of that day. Whoever brings a sin, they will fall on their faces in the Fire. ‘You are only recompensed for what you have perpetrated.”‘ (verses 87 to 90)
In concluding the Sûrah, Allâh assures man, “Your Rabb is not unaware of what you do.” (verse 93). Every person should therefore be wary of whatever s/he does.
Sûrah Qasâs commences after Sûrah Naml and recounts the entire incident of Mûsa and Fir’oun. TheSûrah also makes mention of Qârun and his immense fortune, which caused him to become extremely arrogant. As a result of his attitude, Allâh caused the ground to swallow him up along with all his wealth. Allâh then tells Rasulullâh Salallâhu ‘alayhi wasallam that he is informed of these narratives so that he may caution theKuffâr. If they take heed, they stand a chance of being saved from Allâh’s terrible punishment. If not, they stand to face an awful doom.
Allâh then prompts the Kuffâr to thihk a while. Allâh says, “Say, ‘Tell me. If Allâh makes the night perpetual for you until the Day of Qiyâmah, which deity besides Him can bring light to you? Can you not hear?’ Say, ‘Tell me. If Allâh makes the day perpetual for you until the Day ofQiyârnah, which deity besides Him can bring night to you, wherein you may find peace? Can you not see?” (verses 71-72). Allâh states further in verse 73, “Due to His mercy, He has created the day and the night for you so that you may find peace therein, seek from His bounty, and express your gratitude to Him.”
Allâh exhorts Rasulullâh not to be grieved about the opposition that the Kuffâr pose because everything in this world is temporary. To highlight the transitory nature of the effects of this world, Allâh cites the example of Qârun. His people advised him saying, “Do not be boastful, for verily Allâh does not like the boastful ones.” (verse 76)
Allâh says further, “So he (Qârun) emerged among his people in pomp and splendour. Those who desired the world gaped, ‘If only we also possessed what Qârun has! Undoubtedly, he is extremely fortunate.’ Those who were granted knowledge said, ‘Woe to you! Allâh’s rewards are better for the one who believes and does good acts. Only the patient ones shall receive this’ (verses 79 and 80). As a result of his pride and failure to fulfil the obligatory rights of his riches, Allâh ‘plunged Qârun and his home within the ground.’” (verse 81)
This incident proves that everything besides Allâh shall perish even though a thing may seem great and powerful. Sûrah Qasâs ends on the note of Tauhîdwhere Allâh says, “Do not call to another deity with Allâh. There is none worthy of worship but Him. Everything shall perish besides His Countenance. All decisions rest with Him and to Him shall you all be returned.” (verse 88)
Sûrah Ankabût follows Sûrah Qasâs and it beautifully distinguishes between the true Mu’minîn and theMunâfiqîn as well as between those who are true and those who are false. The narratives of many Ambiyâ are also related. Allâh begins the Sûrah by stating, “Do people think that they will be left to say, ‘We believe!’ without being tested? We certainly tested those before them, and Allâh will definitely know about those who are true and He will definitely know the liars.” (verses 2-3)
Although Allâh has commanded man to be obedient to his parents, Allâh mentions in this Sûrah that parents should not be obeyed if they attempt to induce one to forsake Islâm. “The creation cannot be obeyed if the Creator would be disobeyed.” Allâh says, “The disbelievers say to the believers, ‘Follow our way and we will bear the burden of your sins.’ They will not carry any part of their sins. They are certain liars.” (verse 12)
Allâh then cites the incident of Nûh who preached to his nation for 950 years. Despite his tireless efforts, the vast majority of them refused to accept his message and were eventually drowned in the flood. Allâh then speaks of the annihilation of the nations of Ibrahîm Alayhis Salâm Lût Alayhis Salâm and Shu’ayb Alayhis Salâm.
There are many lessons that the Mu’minîn may learn from all these narratives. May Allâh bless us with fear for Him, humility and abstinence. May Allâh save us from the evils of pride, arrogance and boastfulness; and imbue the belief of Tauhîd within us. May He grant us the ability to exercise patience when tested and faced with adversities. Âmîn.
End of the Twentieth Juz
This summary of the eighteenth Tarawîh covers the Nineteenth Juz.
Beginning of the Nineteenth Juz
Allâh tells Rasulullâh Salallâhu ‘alayhi wasallam that he should not be distressed about the harassment of the Kuffâr because “Your Rabb suffices as a Guide and a Helper.”(verse 31)
Allâh also commands Rasulullâh Salallâhu ‘alayhi wasallam to tell the people that he requires no remuneration for his efforts to propagate Islâm. The only reward he desired was that people follow the straight path and become true bondsmen of Allâh who “walk on earth with humility and, when the ignorant talk to them, they (avoid disputes when they) say, “Peace” (verse 63). This means that they do not enter into arguments with ignorant people and gracefully pass by them. Allâh then makes it clear that the true Mu’minîn will attain lofty ranks of Jannah while the Kuffâr will be unable to save themselves from Allâh’s punishment.
Sûrah Shu’arâ follows Sûrah Furqân. This Sûrah contains the stories of Mûsa and Ibrahîm as well as mention of the destruction of the Âd, the Thamûd and the nation of Nûh Alayhis Salâm. Allâh also makes mention of the plight that evil poets who are constantly lost in their futile thoughts will suffer.
Addressing Rasulullâh Salallâhu ‘alayhi wasallam Allâh states, “It seems like you will destroy yourself because they are not believing. If We willed, We would have revealed a great sign to them from the sky, causing their necks to bow before it in humility” (verses 3 and 4). However, because the Kuffâr have already refused to accept the truth, they will have to suffer the punishment for their obstinacy.
Allâh then proceeds to recount the stories of Ibrahîm, Nûh, Hûd Sâlih, Lût and Shu’ayb Alayhimus Salâm. Each one of these incidents is a means of guidance for people, but there will still be many rejecters who refuse to believe in them and will mock at them. Allâh says, “They have certainly denied, so shortly the news of what they used to mock at will come to them.” (verse 61)
The Mushrikîn claimed that Rasulullâh Salallâhu ‘alayhi wasallam was a poet and that the Qur’ân was a composition of poetry. Allâh denies that the Qur’ân could ever be the work of a poet or a Jinn. Allâh concludes the Sûrah by saying, “Only deviated people follow the poets. Do you not see that they wander astray in every valley? And that they say things which they never do? Save for those (poets) who believe, do good acts, remember Allâh abundantly and avenge themselves after being oppressed. Shortly the oppressors will come to know to which place they will return.” (verses 224 to 228)
In this Tarawîh only a part of Sûrah Nami (up to verse 6) is recited. Allâh states that the Qur’ân is “a guidance and a conveyor of glad tidings for the believers.” In this regard, the Sûrah proceeds to discuss the epics of Mûsa, Dawûd, Sulaymân the Âd and the Thamud. Allâh opens the, Sûrah by saying, “These are the verses of the Qur’ân and a clear Book. (It is) a guidance and a conveyor of glad tidings for the believers; those who establish Salâh, pay zakâh and are convinced about the Âkhirâh.” (verse 1-3)
Allâh further says that He has beautified the acts of the Kuffâr so that they continue to sin and earn multiple punishment for it. Allâh says about them, For such people there shall be a terrible punishment and they will be the worst losers in the Âkhirâh. (verse 5). Thereafter, Allâh addresses Rasulullâh Sallallâhu ‘alayhi wasallam saying, “Undoubtedly, you are given the Qur’ân from the Wise, the All Knowing.” (verse 6)
Allâh relates the detail incidents of Dawûd and Sulaymân. The stories of these two illustrious Ambiyâ begin with verse 15 where Allâh says, “We granted knowledge to Dawûd and Sulaymân.” Among the many bounties that Allâh conferred on them was that He taught them the language of the birds and also granted them control over the Jinn, humans, animals and birds. Allâh recounts these incidents so that people may learn lessons and realise the power of Allâh.
May Allâh grant us all the capacity to follow Rasulullâh and may Allâh save us from all sins; especially from those sins that were the cause for other nations to be destroyed. May Allâh also afford us the consciousness to accept the Qur’ân as a fountainhead of guidance and our code of life. Âmîn.
End of the Nineteenth Juz
This summary of the seventeeth Tarawîh covers the Eighteenth Juz.
Beginning of the Eighteenth Juz
These concluding words of Sûrah Haj draw the seventeenth Juz to a close and open Sûrah Mu’minûn. At the beginning of Sûrah Mu’minûn, Allâh describes those Mu’minîn whose beliefs are correct, who worship Allâh diligently and are also particular about fulfilling the rights of others. In describing the qualities of the Mu’minîn, Allâh exhorts all the Mu’minîn that they should sincerely worship Him, fulfil the promises and pledges they make with others and abstain from all acts of lechery. These are among the acts that will lead to eternal success.
After discussing the qualities of the Mu’minîn, Allâh discusses the signs that denote His greatness and His onene6s. Among these signs, Allâh mentions the creation of man, the creation of the heavens and the earth, as well as the various plants and animals together with the milk that Allâh produces from their bellies. All these blessings denote Allâh’s all encompassing mercy and compassion towards His creation, which should spur man to accept the belief of Tauhîd.
Allâh then cites the incident of Nûh Alayhis Salâm so that people may learn that success lies in following the teachings of Allâh’s Ambiyâ. Allâh also urges the Mu’minîn not to destroy their acts by being proud and that their hearts should always be apprehensive of returning to Allâh for reckoning. Further describing the qualities of the Mu’minîn Allâh says, “These people hasten to perform good acts and are the forerunners in this.” (verse 61)
Allâh states an important rule when He says, “We do not burden any soul more than it can bear” (verse 62). Allâh also tells Rasulullâh Sallallâhu ‘alayhi wasallam that the Kuffâr will never cease to oppose him until their deaths, when they will regret their ways. However, then it will be too late.
The 24th Sûrah of the Qur’ân, Sûrah Nûr, commences after Sûrah Mu’minûn and contains verses that are pertinent to the morality of society. A gist of the Sûrah is contained in the following twelve points:
- A hundred lashes are to be given to any unmarried man or woman guilty of fornication.
- Men and women guilty of fornication should be ostracised from society and none should marry them.
- Eighty lashes should be metered out to anyone who accuses another of adultery or fornication without the required proof.
- If a husband or a wife accuses their partner of adultery, each should take four oaths in Allâh’s name that s/he is truthful and that the other is lying. A fifth oath should then be taken by each of them invoking Allâh’s on curse him/her if s/he is lying.
- “Unchaste women are for unchaste men and unchaste men are for unchaste women. Pure women are for pure men and pure men are for pure women. These people are innocent of what the slanderers say. Theirs is forgiveness and a bounteous reward.” (verse 26)
- An accused person will be regarded as innocent until proven guilty.
- Never enter another person’s home without permission.
- Men and women should neither stare at each other nor steal secretive glances at each other.
- Women must never display their charms before men who are not close family members (Mahram).
- Islâm does not approve of spending one’s life as a bachelor or a spinster.
- During times of privacy, not even children are allowed to enter any person’s room without permission.
- When the blind or paralysed eat from the homes of relatives without permission, it will not be regarded as theft.
Allâh also discusses the incident of the slander against Â’isha Radiallâhu anha. In Sûrah Nûr Allâh refutes the allegation of adultery that the Munâfiqîn attributed to Â’isha Radiallâhu anhu and warned the Mu’minîn that they should never accept such rumours in future.
May Allâh grant us all the guidance to practise the teachings of Islâm and refrain from immoral acts, slander, evil glances and all other sins. Âmîn.
Addressing the Mu’minîn in Sûrah Nûr, Allâh says, “O you who believe, do not follow the footsteps of Shaytân. Whoever follows the footsteps of Shaytân, then verily he commands immorality and evil.” (verse 21)
Allâh also mentions, “We have surely revealed clear laws to you, some narratives of those who passed before you, and advice for those who have Taqwa.” (verse 34)
In the next verse Allâh declares, “Allâh is the Light of the heavens and the earth.” A Mu’min is therefore one who will take light from Allâh to guide him through life and who will adhere to the teachings of the Ambiyâ because “those who oppose the messenger’s commands should beware that some calamity or a grievous punishment should afflict them.” (verse 63)
Sûrah Furqân follows Sûrah Nûr. Allâh introduces the Sûrah by stating, “Blessed is the Being Who revealed the Criterion (Qur’ân) upon His bondsman (Rasulullâh Salallâhu ‘alayhi wasallam) so that he may be a warner to the universe (that a severe punishment awaits the person who does not believe).”
End of the Eighteenth Juz
This summary of the sixteenth Tarawîh covers the Seventeeth Juz.
Beginning of the Seventeeth Juz
The next Sûrah is Sûrah Ambiyâ, which derives its name from the fact that it mentions a series of Ambiyâ. The Sûrah also cautions people against being negligent about Qiyâmah and the reckoning on that day. Allâh mentions that the Qur’ân contains every type of advice and explanation for mankind. Men therefore have a choice before them and should anticipate the consequences of their acts.
None can ever save himself from Allâh’s punishment when it comes, and people will be foolish to pin their hopes in their fabricated gods. People will be called to account for every minute act- even an act the size of a mustard seed will be weighed in the scale of acts. Allâh’s judgement on the Day of Qiyâmah will be final and binding. May Allâh grant us all the Taufîq to do good acts. Âmîn.
In the remaining verses of Sûrah Ambiyâ, Allâh discusses the various Ambiyâ from Ibrahîm Alayhis Salâm to Îsa Alayhis Salâm. Thereafter, Allâh says about Rasulullâh Sallallâhu ‘alayhi wasallam, “We have sent you as a mercy to the universe.” (verse 107). The next verse declares Tauhîd when Allâh instructs Rasulullâh Sallallâhu ‘alayhi wasallam to “Say, ‘It has been revealed to me that your deity is but One Deity. So will you submit to this?”
Sûrah Haj follows Sûrah Ambiyâ and opens with a reminder of Qiyâmah. Allâh says, “Oh people! Fear your Rabb. The earthquake of Qiyâmah is a tremendous thing indeed. The day when you will witness it, every nursing mother will forget her suckling infant and every pregnant woman will abort (because of intense fear). And you will see people in a drunken stupor whereas they will not be drunk, but Allâh’s punishment is severe.” (verses 1 and 2)
Allâh also cautions those Mu’minîn whose faith is weak that they should make a concerted effort to strengthen their Imân and carry out good acts so that the welfare of their lives in this world and in the Âkhirâh is not jeopardised. Allâh says that it was Ibrahîm who termed this Ummah as Muslimeen. Allâh also mentions the Ka’bah and instructs man to “perform tawâf around the ‘Baitul Atîq’ (the Ka’bah).” (verse 29)
Thereafter, certain rites of Haj are mentioned, about which Allâh states, “And whoever honours Allâh’s signs, then this is due to the Taqwa of hearts (verse 32). With regard to sacrificial animals on the occasion of Haj Allâh says, “Their flesh and blood will never reach Allâh, but it is your Taqwa that will reach Him” (verse 37).
Allâh concludes Sûrah Hajj with the following message to the Muslims: “Oh you who believe, bow, prostrate, worship your Rabb and carry out good acts so that you may be successful. Strive for Allâh with the endeavour that is His right. He has chosen you and has not placed any hardship upon in religion. Follow the creed of your father, Ibrahîm. It was he who named you Muslims from before and in this Qur’ân, so that the Nabî’.0’‑‑ be a witness over you people, and that you be witnesses over mankind. So establish Salâh, pay zakâh and hold fast to (the rope of) Allâh. He is your Protecting Friend. The Best Protecting Friend and the Best Helper” (verses 77/8).
End of the Seventeeth Juz
This summary of the Fifteenth Tarawîh covers the Sixteenth Juz.
Beginning of the Sixteenth Juz
This part of Sûrah Kahf contains the incident of Dhul Qarnain whose kingdom was extremely extensive. He was a pious Mu’min who ruled very justly. It was during his reign that the barbaric tribes of Ya’jûj and Majûj plundered other nations and wreaked havoc in their lives.
Dhul Qarnain stemmed their tide of anarchy by erecting a wall of iron and copper at their exit between two mountains. He made it clear to the people there that it was only Allâh’s mercy that kept the wall from collapsing because it was merely a temporary object of this world. They were therefore to continue performing good acts and purge their actions of shirk. In this regard the final verse of the Sûrah reads: ‑‑‑So whoever aspires for the meeting with his Rabb should perform good acts and not associate anyone as partner to the worship of his Rabb.” (verse 110)
Sûrah Maryam follows Sûrah Kahf. This Sûrah commences with mention of how Allâh blessed Zakariyyah Alayhis Salâm with a child after he had already reached an advanced age. His son was Yahya Alayhis Salâm, who was a soft‑hearted Nabî, who possessed a decisive sense of judgement. Thereafter Allâh relates the epic of Maryam Radiallâhu anha when she miraculously gave birth to Îsa Alayhis Salâm without a father. Many other Ambiyâ are mentioned thereafter. The objective of mentioning these Ambiyâ is to impress upon people’s minds that all the Ambiyâ brought the same message that Rasulullâh brought. However, depravity crept into the lives of people through the passage of time and they resorted to kufr and shirk.
Towards the end of Sûrah Maryam, Allâh declares that it is profane to say that He has children because it does not behove His loftiness and grandeur to have any children. Claiming that Allâh has children is an open invitation to His wrath and punishment.
Sûrah Tâ-Hâ follows Sûrah Maryam. At the outset, Allâh addresses Rasulullâh saying, “We have not revealed the Qur’ân to you to cause you difficulty. However, it is an advice for him who fears.” Allâh has not charged Rasulullâh with forcing people to believe when they do not want to. The Qur’ân will be of benefit to those who fear that Allâh will take them to task for their sins.
Thereafter, Allâh narrates the incident of Mûsa Alayhis Salâm. The Sûrah mentions the following events in Mûsa’s Alayhis Salâm life:
- When he was conferred to proclaim the mantle of Prophethood on the plain of Tuwa.
- His miracles of the staff and shining hand.
- His upbringing in Fir’aun’s palace.
- His preaching to Fir’aun.
- His contest against the magicians.
- His departure from Egypt with the Bani Isra’îl.
- Fir’aun and his army’s pursuit of the Bani Isrâ’îl and their eventual drowning.
- The treachery and disobedience of the Bani Isrâ’îl which led them to take a calf as their deity.
Thereafter the Sûrah mentions Qiyâmah arid urges the performance of Salâh. Towards the end of the Sûrah Allâh says to the Mu’minîn, Never strain your eyes towards (do not long for) the splendour of the worldly life that We have granted groups of them (the Kuffâr) to enjoy as a test for them (to see which of them will use these bounties for Allâh’s obedience and which of them will use it to anger Allâh). The provision of your Rabb (in the, Âkhirâh) is best and more lasting (than anything of this world) (verse 131).
End of the Sixteenth Juz
This summary of the fourteenth Tarawîh covers the Fifteenth Juz
Beginning of the Fifteenth Juz
Sûrah Bani Isra’îl follows Sûrah Nahl as the seventeenth Sûrah of the Qur’ân. Allâh took Rasuluilâh Sallallâhu ‘alayhi wasallam on the miraculous journey of Mi’râj, when Allâh showed him great signs of His power. It was on this journey that Allâh made the five daily Salâh obligatory on all Muslims. This blessed Sûrah also contains the 14 guidelines by which the life of a Muslim can be most fulfilling. These are:
- Worship only Allâh.
- Treat parents kindly.
- Fulfil the rights of relatives, the poor and travellers.
- Never be wasteful.
- If you cannot be of assistance to a person in need, inform him kindly.
- Be neither miserly nor extravagant, but choose a path between the two.
- Never kill your children for fear of poverty.
- Never even come close to fornication or adultery.
- Never slay a person without a legal warrant.
- Never misuse the wealth of an orphan.
- Always keep your word.
- Never cheat in weight and measure.
- Never talk about anything that you have not verified.
- Never walk with pride.
The Tahajjud Salâh is made compulsory for Rasulullâh Sallallâhu ‘alayhi wasallam in this Sûrah Bani Isrâ’îl. Allâh also announces: “Say, ‘The truth has arrived and falsehood has vanished. Indeed, falsehood was bound to disappear.’” (verse 81)
Thereafter Allâh speaks about Mûsa his miracles, and his preaching to Fir’aun. The eventual destruction of Fir’aun is also mentioned. Allâh says further, “We have revealed it (the Qur’ân) with the truth, and with the truth did it come” (verse 105). Awestruck by the grandeur of the Qur’ân, men of knowledge prostrate when they hear the Qur’ân and the Qur’ân increases their humility.
The very last verse of the Sûrah declares, “Say, All praise is for Allâh, Who has not taken a child, has no partner in sovereignty and does not require an assistant due to any weakness. And declare His greatness in abundance.” (verse 111)
Sûrah Kahf follows Sûrah Bani Isra’îl. The part of Sûrah Kahaf which is recited in this Tarawîh includes the incident of the men of the cave and Mûsa meeting with Khidr The 11 men of the cave” were a group of young men who were deeply affected by the depravity around them and decided to leave their town. Since the only shelter they could find outside their town was a cave, they entered it. Allâh cast them all into a deep sleep that lasted approximately three hundred years. During this period, their dog lay watch at the mouth of the cave. Eventually, the evil and corruption that existed in their town gave way to a decent government of Mu’minîn. By the time they woke up, everything had changed. It was not long after that they learnt about the situation that they all passed away in the very same cave. They will now awaken only on the Day of Qiyâmah.
This Sûrah also makes mention of the wisdom in Allâh’s system of control, which he showed Mûsa Alayhis Salâm via Khidr Alayhis Salâm. As the two travelled, Khidr Alayhis Salâm damaged the boat of some poor people, killed an innocent looking young boy, and bolstered a failing wall of some people who had behaved inhospitably towards them. Mûsa was unable to restrain his emotions as he saw these acts and objected to each of them. Finally, Khidr Alayhis Salâm explained to him that Allâh had commanded each act and that there was good in every act even though they appeared to be dreadful.
Allâh also declares in the Sûrah: “We have undoubtedly expounded all types of subjects in the Qur’ân for people. Man has always been the worst disputant” (verse 54). Man has always contested what Allâh has revealed to His Ambiyâ and refuses to accept it. The Qur’ân contains ethical teachings so that people with understanding may ponder over them and learn lessons from them.
Among these teachings are the incidents of the men of the cave and of Mûsa May Allâh grant us deep insight and understanding. Âmîn.
End of the Fifteenth Juz
This summary of the thirteenth Tarawîh covers the Fourteenth Juz
Beginning of the Fourteenth Juz
Sûrah Hijr follows Sûrah Ibrahîm. This Sûrah sounds a stern warning to those people who mocked Rasulullâh Sallallâhu ‘alayhi wasallam message of Islâm and who called him a madman. Allâh tells such people that the Qur’ân is a Reminder from Allâh which He has‑ revealed to Rasulullâh Sallallâhu ‘alayhi wasallam Allâh adds: “Without doubt We have revealed the Reminder and We shall certainly be its protectors. (verse 9)
Allâh consoles Rasulullâh Sallallâhu ‘alayhi wasallam in this Sûrah by telling him that he should never allow the taunts and threats of the Mushrikîn to affect him because these people are following the footsteps of Shaytân and are destined for Jahannam. Allâh declares that He is the Most Forgiving and the Most Merciful, but that He is also capable of inflicting a grievous punishment.
Addressing Rasulullâh Sallallâhu ‘alayhi wasallam Allâh says, “We know very well that your heart is constricted by what they (the Mushrikîn) say” (verse 97). In the next verse Allâh prescribes the remedy for the hurt that the Kuffâr cause to Rasulullâh Allâh says, “So glorify the praises of your Rabb and be of those who prostrate. And worship your Rabb until the certainty (death) comes to you.
Sûrah Nahl commences after Sûrah Hijr. Allâh opens the Sûrah with the words, “Allâh’s command has arrived, so do not seek to hasten it. He is Pure and Exalted above what they associate as partners to Him.” Allâh rebukes the Kuffâr for requesting Allâh’s punishment and reminds them that the day will certainly come when they will be taken to task for their acts. Man is ungrateful to Allâh Who has provided him with various means of conveyances and animals with which he can transport himself and his heavy loads. There are great signs of Allâh’s might in these for people who will ponder.
Allâh tells the Mushrikîn, “So travel in the land and see what was the consequence of those who rejected (the message of their Ambiyâ)” (verse 36). The civilisations of these people lie in ruins, destroyed by the consequences of their very own acts Allâh reminds man that whatever He wills shall come to pass.
Thereafter, Allâh rebukes the Mushrikîn for feeling ashamed and humiliated when they have a daughter; emotions that lead them to eventually bury the child alive. Allâh then discusses various bounties that He has bestowed on man; like the rains, the animals and the flourishing of vegetation after rains. Aliâh also calls man’s attention to the great boon of milk that Allâh miraculously produces within the bellies of animals. Allâh says, “From what is in their bellies between excrement and blood, We give you pure milk to drink, which is easily consumed.” (verse 66)
Thereafter, Allâh reminds man of the various types of delicious fruit that Allâh by His pure grace provides for him. Mention is then made of the bee which Allâh has inspired to build hives in mountains and trees. Allâh has charged the bees with producing honey, about which Allâh says that it is a cure for man” (verse 69). All these bounties denote the existence of One Allâh because no one else can create these phenomena.
Allâh says further, “Allâh has given some of you preference over others in sustenance‑ (verse 71). In so doing, people are interdependent and each one serves the needs of the next, thereby allowing the smooth functioning of the system of life. Further reminding man of His bounties, Allâh says, “Allâh has made spouses for you from yourselves and, from these spouses, created sons and grandsons. And He has provided for you pure foods to eat. Will they believe in falsehood and show ingratitude to Allâh’s favour?” (verse 72). Despite the fact that Allâh provides man with his sustenance and all these bounties, the Kuffâr …
This summary of the twelfth Tarawîh covers the Thirteenth Juz.
Beginning of the Thirteenth Juz
When a severe drought struck Egypt and the surrounding areas, Egypt had no shortage of grains because ‘Yusuf had already proposed to the king that they should keep grains in store from the previous year’s harvest.
Therefore, people from the neighbouring areas began to flock to Egypt for food. Among those who arrived in Egypt were the brothers of Yusuf. Although they failed to recognise him, he recognised them and returned their money to them without their knowledge. He also insisted that they bring their youngest brother along on the next trip.
When they arrived home and found that their money was returned to them they said, “Oh our father! What more can we want? Here are our funds returned to us‑ (verse 65). On the next trip they took their youngest brother along with them. As they started to return home, Yusuf detained his youngest brother in Egypt on some pretext. Yaqûb turned blind because of excessive weeping over his lost child. Allâh says, “His eyes turned white with sorrow.” (verse 84)
When the brothers returned to Egypt for the third time and Yusuf informed them about who he was, they cast their gazes down in embarrassment and regret. Yusuf told them, “The fact is that whoever adopts Taqwa and is patient (through adversities), then Allâh surely does not put to waste the reward of those who do good.” (verse 90)
When the brothers begged his forgiveness, Yusuf Alayhis Salâm displayed exemplary character and put them as ease by saying, “There shall be no reproach on you today. May Allâh forgive you. He is the Most Merciful of those who show mercy.” (verse 92)
Upon the request of Yusuf Yaqûb and his entire family arrived in Egypt. When the family was reunited, they all fell in prostration before Yusuf Thus, the dream he saw in his youth was realised.
At the end of Sûrah Yusuf, Allâh states that there are great lessons in the narratives of the Ambiyâ for people of understanding. Allâh says, “In their narratives there is certainly a lesson for people of intelligence. This Qur’ân is not a fabricated tale, but a confirmation to all the scriptures before it, a detailed explanation of all things, a guidance and a mercy for the believing folk.” (verse 111)
Sûrah Ra’d follows Sûrah Yusuf. This Sûrah establishes the truth of the Qur’ân, of Tauhîd, Risâlah and Qiyâmah. It also provides details concerning resurrection. Allâh warns the Kuffâr of severe punishment in the Âkhirâh, but also states that He overlooks many sins for which He could well punish people. Allâh makes it clear that He is Aware of everything that man does and even has knowledge of what changes take place in the womb of an expectant mother.
Allâh also emphasises: “Undoubtedly Allâh does not change the condition of a nation until they change the condition within themselves” (verse 11). Allâh has never changed the conditions affecting any nation until they made an attempt to change their behaviour. Furthermore, Allâh exhorts man to ward off sins by carrying out good acts because the bounties of the Âkhirâh have been made for the Mu’minîn.
May Allâh grant us the capacity to bring a revolution within our lifestyles and make us the means of effecting a favourable change to our surroundings. May Allâh also grant us the guidance to carry out good acts to attain the eternal bliss of Jannah. Âmîn.
Allâh declares, “Due to their evil acts, some calamity will always afflict the disbelievers, or descend close to their homes until Allâh’s promise (Qiyâmah) comes.” (Sûrah Ra’d, verse 31). Allâh also mentions that although the Kuffâr are continuously plotting, the final decision in any matter always rests with Allâh. Allâh is Aware of whatever they do and will take them to task for their evil actions.
Sûrah Ibrahîm follows Sûrah Ra’d. This Sûrah also begins with mention of the Qur’ân. Allâh says, “This is h Book that We revealed to you to remove people from the multitude of darkness, taking them towards light, by the command of your Rabb to the path of The Mighty, The One Worthy of praise. The Sûrah proceeds to establish the Prophethood of Rasulullâh Sallallâhu ‘alayhi wasallam after which belief in Tauhîd is discussed. To emphasise the concept of Tawhîd Allâh cites the incidents of Mûsa and Ibrahîm The Sûrah also condemns kufr and shirk by means of examples.
Allâh quotes the du’â of Ibrahîm in this Sûrah when he supplicated to Allâh saying, “O our Rabb! I have settled my children in a valley that cannot be cultivated, close to Your sacred house. Oh our Rabb! So that they establish Salâh, so cause some hearts of people to be inclined towards them. And provide for them fruits for their sustenance so that they may be grateful. Oh our Rabb! Indeed You know what we conceal and what we disclose. Nothing in the heavens and the earth is hidden from Allâh’ (verse 37/8). The du’âs of Ibrahîm teach us to include Allâh’s praises in our du’âs so that they are more readily accepted. After discussing the incident of Ibrahîm Allâh urges the people of Makkah to learn a lesson from the narratives of the previous nations.
The Sûrah warns people of the terrible punishment of the Day of Qiyâmah for those who reject the truth and stubbornly oppose it. At the end Allâh says, “This (Qur’ân) is a message for people so that they are warned by it and so that they know that He is but One deity; and so that the intelligent ones take heed from it.’ (verse 52).
End of the Thirteenth Juz
This summary of the Eleventh Tarawîh covers the Twelfth Juz.
Beginning of the Twelfth Juz
Sûrah Hûd follows Sûrah Yunus and contains the incidents of many a past nation, describing the punishments that afflicted them because of their disbelief.
Thereafter the Sûrah illustrates the scene of Qiyâmah and the rewards and punishment to be received by various classes of people.
Allâh introduces the Sûrah by saying, “This is a Book, the verses of which have been consolidated and then expounded (coming from) The Wise, The Informed.” Proceeding further, Allâh says, “The responsibility for sustaining every creature on earth rests with Allâh.” Allâh then describes how He created the universe. Allâh challenges man to produce Sûrahs the like of those in the Qur’ân if they feel that the Qur’ân is an invention of Rasulullâh it. However, even if they have to call everyone to their assistance, they will never be able to compose anything like the Qur’ân.
May Allâh grant us all the ability to appreciate all the bounties that He has granted us and may He include us among His grateful servants. May Allâh also grant us the Tawfîq to heed His every instruction and may He save us from arrogance and pride. Âmîn.
Allâh states, “And to the Âd We sent their brother Hûd (as a Nabî).” Just as the people of Nûh remained stubborn the disbelief, the people of Hûd did the same. Instead of listening to the message of Tawhîd, the Âd exclaimed “Who is more powerful than us?” They were eventually destroyed. The nation of Thamud followed them. When they refused to accept the message of Sâlih Alayhis Salâm Allâh’s punishment destroyed them as well. Mention is then made of the people of Lût who were extremely lewd and immoral. As a result of their depravity, they also suffered the same fate as their sister nations before them. Thereafter, Allâh mentions the preaching of Shu’ayb Alayhis Salâm to the people of Madyan, and then Allâh mentions the preaching of Mûsa Alayhis Salâm to Fir’aun and his people.
After citing all these incidents Allâh says, “Such is the grasp of your Rabb when He seized a town that is oppressive. Indeed His grasp is painful and severe.” (verse 102)
Addressing Rasulullâh Sallallâhu ‘alayhi wasallam Allâh says further, “We narrate to you all the narratives of the Ambiyâ so that your heart may be strengthened by them. In these narratives the truth has come to you, as well as advice and a reminder for the Mu’minîn.” (verse 120)
Allâh then concludes Sûrah Hûd by saying, “To Allâh belongs the unseen things of the heavens and the earth and unto Him alone will all matters return. So worship Him and rely on Him only. Your Rabb is not unaware of what you do.” (verse 123)
Sûrah Yusuf follows Sûrah Hûd. Rasulullâh Sallallâhu ‘alayhi wasallam was not aware of the story of Yusuf so the Jews decided to test his prophethood by, asking him about this story. They thought that he would be unable to narrate the story to them. However, Allâh revealed Sûrah Yusuf to Rasulullâh Sallallâhu ‘alayhi wasallam thereby stunning the Jews with its detailed account.
As a youth, Yusuf once saw in a dream that eleven stars, the sun and the moon were prostrating before him. The eleven stars denoted his eleven step‑brother, while the sun and moon denoted his parents. When he informed his father Yaqûb, about the dream, his father advised him not to relate the dream to his brothers because they would be jealous and then become his sworn enemies.
His brothers had always been jealous of Yusuf and finally threw him in a well one day, making the excuse to their father that a wolf had devoured him. Some travellers took him out of the well and sold him as a slave to the chief minister of Egypt. The minister’s wife was infatuated with Yusuf’s beauty and attempted to seduce him. When he refused to respond to her charms, she had him imprisoned. While in prison he accurately interpreted the dreams of two fellow inmates. When one of them was released, he (after some time) referred the king’s dream to Yusuf who interpreted it correctly and even provided a solution for the problem at hand. As a result, Yusuf became a trusted advisor to the king and practically ruled Egypt.
End of the Twelfth Juz
This summary of the tenth Tarawîh covers the Eleventh Juz.
Beginning of the Eleventh Juz
The ending of the tenth Juz dealt with those Munâfiqîn who concocted excuses to evade conscription into the Muslim army. There were also many proud Munâfiqîn who saw no need to excuse themselves. The opening verse of the Juz (verse 94 of Sûrah Taubah) refers to those Munâfiqîn who came to Rasulullâh Sallallâhu ‘alayhi wasallam after the Battle of Tabûk. Addressing Rasulullâh Sallallâhu ‘alayhi wasallam Allâh says, “They will make excuses to you when you return to them. Tell them, ‘Do not make excuses, we shall never believe you. Allâh has already informed us about your condition…'” (verse 94)
Allâh speaks about people who regard zakâh as a burden on their shoulders. Allâh says, “Of the villagers are those who consider what they spend as a tax and they await the ill‑fortunes of fate to befall you. May the ill fortunes befall them! Allâh is All Hearing, All Knowing. (verse 98)
After discussing the Munâfiqîn, Allâh speaks about the Mu’minîn in verse 100 when He says, “The first to lead the way, from the Muhajirîn, the Ansâr, and those who followed them with sincerity; Allâh is pleased with them and they are pleased with Him. He has prepared for them such gardens beneath which rivers flow, wherein they shall abide forever. This is the ultimate success.
“Thereafter, Allâh speaks about the Masjid of harm (Masjid Dirâr), the underlying purpose of which the Munâfiqîn built to promote hypocrisy and Mr among the Muslims. Allâh condemned its construction and the Muslims destroyed it. The subsequent verses make reference to the three Sahabah & who failed to participate in the expedition to Tabûk. They were boycotted for fifty days before Allâh announced the acceptance of their Taubah in this Sûrah.
Sûrah Yunus follows Sûrah Taubah. Sûrah Yunus also discusses the three fundamental issues of: Tauhîd [Oneness of Allâh], Risâlah [the Prophethood of Rasulullâh Sallallâhu ‘alayhi wasallam] Âkhirâh [the Hereafter].
Attention is drawn to these beliefs by using occurrences and quoting momentous historical reports which serve to entrench these beliefs into the mind. Therefore, Allâh commences the Sûrah by stating, “These are the verses of the wise Book. Are people surprised that We sent revelation to a man from among them?” Those who respond to the message of Rasulullâh Sallallâhu ‘alayhi wasallam will be guided to salvation, whereas those who reject will be doomed to destruction and will not be saved by anyone’s intercession. Allâh then proceeds to warn people of Jahannam and convey the glad tidings of Jannah to the Mu’minîn.
In verse 12 Allâh speaks about ungrateful people when He says, “When any adversity afflicts man, he supplicates to Us lying down, sitting or standing. When We avert the adversity from him, he continues as if he has never supplicated to Us for the adversity that afflicted him.”Allâh then relates the incidents of various Ambiyâ like Nûh, Mûsa and Yunus Alayhimus Salâm. In narrating these, Allâh impresses on man not to make the same mistakes that the people of these Ambiyâ made.At the end of the Sûrah Allâh declares, “Say, O people! Certainly the truth has come to you from your Rabb. So whoever will be guided shall only receive guidance for himself (for his own benefit). Whoever will go astray shall only go astray to own detriment. I have not been commissioned over you. Follow what has been revealed to you and persevere until Allâh passes decision. He is the Best of the deciders.” (verses 108-9)
End of the Eleventh Juz
This summary of the ninth Tarawîh covers the Tenth Juz.
Beginning of tenth Juz
The tenth Juz commences with mention of booty. Allâh declares, “Know that from whatever spoils of war that you acquire, a fifth of it shall be for Allâh, His messenger, the relatives, the poor, the orphans and the travellers” (verse 41).
The remaining four-fifths will be distributed among the Mujâhidîn [the Muslim soldiers who fought in the battle].
Allâh then discusses certain details about the Battle of Badr. Allâh addresses the Mu’minîn saying, “Obey Allâh and His Nabî and do not fall into dispute with each other, for then you will become cowardly and your strength will be lost. Be patient, for verily Allâh is with the patient ones.” (verse 46)
Allâh commands the Muslims further: “Prepare against them (your enemies) whatever forces of strength you can muster…” (verse 60). In addition to amassing weapons and battle provisions, Muslims must always have conviction in Allâh’s assistance. Allâh then assures the Muslims: “Whatever you may spend in Allâh’s way will be given to you in full and you will not be oppressed.” (verse 60)
Addressing Rasulullâh Sallallâhu ‘alayhi wasallam it, Allâh says, “Oh Nabî Sallallâhu ‘alayhi wasallam, exhort the Mu’minîn to fight.” (verse 65). Allâh informs the Muslims that if they are righteous, resolute and trust firmly in Allâh, they will be able to vanquish an army larger than themselves.
Prisoners of war should not be captured merely with the intention of earning ransom money. Towards the end of the Sûrah, Muslims are urged to keep religious objectives in mind when migrating or when waging Jihâd. Earning the booty must never be the objective. Allâh outlines a principle of inheritance at the end of Sûrah Anfâl when He says, ‑Those who are relatives are closer to each other in Allâh’s Book. (verse 75)
The next Sûrah is called Sûrah Taubah because it contains mention of the Taubah that Allâh accepted from those who failed to participate in the Battle of Tabûk. It is also called Sûrah Barâ’ah because Allâh absolves Himself and Rasulullâh Sallallâhu ‘alayhi wasallam from what the Kuffâr do (the Arabic word “Barâ’ah” means “to absolve of blame”).
This Sûrah mentions the Treaty of Hudaybiyyah which the Mushrikîn of Makkah eventually broke. Allâh declares, “Allâh and His Nabî have absolved themselves of those Mushrikîn with whom you have made a treaty.” Consequently, “The proclamation from Allâh and His Nabî (was made) on the day of the greater Hajj that verily Allâh and His Nabî are absolved of the Mushrikîn.” (verses 1 and 3)
After this declaration, all Mushrikîn were banned from entering the Harâm and from performing Tawâf naked. The Muslims are urged not to take even their closest relatives as friends if they are Kuffâr. Allâh also advises Rasulullâh Sallallâhu ‘alayhi wasallam not to accept the lame excuses of the Munâfiqîn (hypocrites) when they are reluctant to fight in Jihâd. Their excuses are all false and the oaths that they take along with the excuses are all false. Allâh assures Rasulullâh Sallallâhu ‘alayhi wasallam that the oaths of the sinners and Munâfiqîn are hollow and should be ignored because these people were never Muslims. Allâh warns Rasulullâh Sallallâhu ‘alayhi wasallam that the Munâfiqîn will desert him as soon as they get the opportunity. Allâh’s curse is on the Munâfiqîn men and women because they are alike. Allâh also forbade Rasulullâh Sallallâhu ‘alayhi wasallam from performing the janâzah [funeral] Salâh for the Munâfiqîn.
This Sûrah also details the recipients of zakâh as:
- The poor
- Slaves who are buying their freedom
- The destitute
- Those in debt
- The collectors of zakâh
- Those in “Allâh’s path”
- Those who need to be inclined to Islâm and
In brief, Sûrah Taubah contains the following subject matter:
- Certain battles and related incidents.
- The treaties with the Mushrikîn and the declaration of exoneration from all Kuffâr and Mushrikîn.
- Prohibition of fighting during the days of Hajj.
- Restriction of entry into the Haram for non‑Muslims.
- The command for the Ahlul Kitâb to either accept Islâm or pay the jizya.
- Reproaching those who were negligent in participating in Jihâd.
- Specifying the recipients of zakâh.
- Identifying the Munâfiqîn and the Mu’minîn.
May Allâh grant us all the Taufîq to practise on the injunctions detailed in this Sûrah. Âmîn.
End of the Tenth Juz
This summary of the eight Tarawîh covers the Ninth Juz.
Beginning of the Ninth Juz
After narrating these incidents Allâh says, “When your Rabb extracted from the backs of the children of Âdam their progeny and called them to witness over themselves saying, ‘Am I not your Rabb?’ They replied, ‘Certainly! We attest to it.'” (verse 172)
Allâh then says that those people who are greedy and live only to fulfil their desires are like dogs that pant with their tongues hanging out. Allâh has made Jahannam for these people because “They have hearts with which they cannot understand, they have eyes with which they cannot see and they have ears with which they cannot hear. (In fact) They are like animals, but even more deviated.” (verse 179)
Allâh tells Rasulullâh Sallallâhu ‘alayhi wasallam it that if the Kuffâr call him a wizard or a madman, he should not heed their taunts and should tell them that he is a warner to them and a bearer of glad tidings to those who will accept his message. Allâh also explains to Rasulullâh Sallallâhu ‘alayhi wasallam that he should bear the harassment of the Kuffâr with tolerance so that any reaction of his should not obstruct the propagation of Islâm.
In verse 199 Allâh enjoins Rasulullâh Sallallâhu ‘alayhi wasallam saying, “Adopt forgiveness, enjoin what is right and ignore the ignorant.” In addition to this, Allâh also commands Rasulullâh Sallallâhu ‘alayhi wasallam to engage in dhikr morning and evening in the heart as well as verbally. We should pray to Allâh to grant us the ability to accept the Prophethood of Rasulullâh Sallallâhu ‘alayhi wasallam both verbally and practically. May He also grant us conviction in the Âkhirâh and make us among those who can sincerely ask from Him. Âmîn.
Allâh opens Sûrah Anfâl by discussing the distribution of the spoils of war. Allâh says, “The spoils of war are for Allâh and His messenger.” (i.e. Rasulullâh would distribute one‑fifth of the booty among those who were deserving). Thereafter Allâh invokes man saying, “So fear Allâh, correct your mutual relations and obey Allâh and His Nabî if you are believers.” (verse 1).
Allâh then described the true Mu’minîn when He says, “The Mu’minîn are those whose hearts tremble when Allâh is mentioned, whose faith [Imân] increases when His verses are recited to them and they trust only in their Rabb. They are those who establish Salâh and spend from what We have provided for them. These are the true Mu’minîn! For them shall be ranks by their Rabb, forgiveness and bountiful sustenance.” (verses 2-4)
Allâh then mentions the assistance that He rendered to the Muslims during the Battle of Badr when He sent thousands of angels to fight with them. Allâh also cast fear into the hearts of the Kuffâr despite their overwhelming numbers. Allâh then declares that there awaits a severe punishment for those who oppose Allâh and Rasulullâh.
Thereafter, Allâh exhorts the Mu’minîn to fight in Jihâd with fervour. Allâh says, “Oh you who believe, when you meet the disbelievers in battle, do not turn your backs to them” (verse 15). Allâh says that the person who flees from the battlefield because of cowardice shall draw Allâh’s wrath upon himself. Towards the end of the Juz, Allâh says, “Fight them until no anarchy [kufr] exists and all religion (worship) is for Allâh. So if they desist (from kufr and shirk), then indeed Allâh is watchful over what they do. If they turn away, then know that Allâh is your Protecting Friend. What a terrific Friend and what a terrific Helper!’ (verses 39 and 40).
End of the ninth Juz
This summary of the seventh Tarawîh covers the Eight Juz.
Beginning of Eighth Juz
Allâh commands Rasulullâh Sallallâhu ‘alayhi wasallam to announce to the people, “Certainly my Rabb has guided me to the straight path … Surely my Salâh, all my acts of worship, my life and my death are for Allâh, the Rabb of the universe. He has no partner. With this have I been commanded and I am the first of those who surrender.” (Sûrah An’âm, verses 161-163)
The following aspects have been emphasised in this Sûrah:
- Never ascribe any partner to Allâh.
- Treat parents kindly.
- Never slay your children for fear of poverty because Allâh sustains everyone.
- Never even come close to acts of promiscuity and immodesty.
- Never take the life of any person without a legal right to do so.
- Be just when weighing and measuring.
- Always speak the truth and implement justice even though it may impact negatively on one’s relatives.
- Keep your word to Allâh and to fellow man.
Much of Sûrah A’râf concerns about the Âkhirah. In this regard Allâh instructs man to “Follow what has been revealed to you from your Rabb and, leaving Him aside, do not follow other companions” (verse 3). Allâh also says, “We shall definitely question those to whom Ambiyâ were sent and We will surely question the Ambiyâ.” (verse 6)
People will be questioned about whether they followed the teachings of the Ambiyâ and the Ambiyâ will also be asked whether they fulfilled the task of propagation and about the attitude of their people. Every person will have to pass the scales to have his/her acts weighed.
Allâh draws man’s attention to the fact that rejecting the truth like Qiyâmah and Risâlah [prophethood] is an act of Shaytân. To illustrate this point, Allâh mentions the disobedience of Shaytân when he refused to prostrate to Âdam when Allâh commanded him to do so. Allâh warns man not to act in a similar manner. Allâh also mentions that He granted man many favours when He settled him on earth and also granted him honour by commanding the angels to prostrate before his father Âdam Alayhis Salâm. However, despite all these boons, man is still ungrateful.
Later in the Sûrah, Allâh cautions man not to transgress the limits that Allâh has set because “Allâh does not like those who transgress.” Allâh declares that He has forbidden all acts of immodesty, be they secret or public. He has also forbidden people from ascribing partners to Him and from ascribing false statements to Him. This is referred to in verse 33 where Allâh says, “And that you say against Allâh what you do not know.”
In verse 40 Allâh says, “Indeed those who deny our verses and are arrogant towards them, the doors of the heavens will not be opened to them and they will not enter jannah until a camel enters through the eye of a needle.” It will therefore be impossible for them to enter Jannah. On the other hand, the righteous ones have been promised entry into Jannah. Therefore, the Mu’minîn should respond to Allâh’s call with hope in His mercy and fear for His punishment because Allâh’s mercy is definitely close to the righteous ones.
Thereafter Allâh relates the incidents of several Ambiyâ and states how the nations of these Ambiyâ refused to accept the truth, thereby inviting Allâh’s punishment to annihilate them. These incidents are intended to be lessons for people so that they accept the message of Rasulullâh Sallallâhu ‘alayhi wasallam.
End of the eighth Juz
This summary of the sixth Tarawîh covers the Seventh Juz.
Beginning of the Seventh Juz
Allâh also draws man’s attention to the fact that the person who forbids something that Allâh has permitted will be guilty of following his carnal desires [his nafs] instead of Allâh’s injunctions.
An example of this is the concept of monasticism that the Christians devised by which they would totally forsake the world and forbid themselves Halâl pleasures. This concept is incorrect and impermissible.
Allâh also reminds the Mu’minîn that they will be taken to task for every oath that they fail to fulfil. The Kafâra [atonement] for breaching such a promise is that a person should either feed ten poor people, clothe them, set a slave free or fast for three days. Allâh also urges Muslims not to take intoxicants, not to gamble and not to divine the future. Allâh declares these acts to be Harâm (temptations) of Shaytân.
Sûrah Mâ’idah mentions how Allâh will question every Nabî about his nation. They will declare that they only did as they were told and that Allâh alone knows the reality of all hidden matters. The Sûrah also mentions the penalty for hunting an animal while in the state of Ihrâm. Of course, every such situation has its own unique set of circumstances, which will necessitate a unique ruling. These matters should be referred to the men of knowledge.
On the Day of Qiyâmah Allâh will remind Îsa Alayhis Salâm about his miraculous birth, about the various miracles that Allâh allowed him to perform and about the favours that Allâh bestowed on him and his mother Maryam (R.A). Allâh will then ask him, “O Îsa, son of Maryam! Did you tell the people, ‘Take myself and my mother both as deities instead of Allâh?'” Îsa will deny that he ever encouraged this and will accede, ‘You know what is in my heart… I only told them what You had commanded me with i.e. ‘Worship Allâh, Who is my Rabb and your Rabb!’ … If You punish them, then verily they are Your slaves, and if You pardon them, then surely You are the Mighty, the Wise.'” (verses 116-118 of Sûrah Mâ’idah).
Sûrah An’âm commences after Sûrah Ma’idah. Allâh mentions that it has always been the practice of the Kuffâr to ridicule the Ambiyâ and to call them wizards. However, Allâh’s Dîn will always conquer and rise, while the Kuffâr will suffer a terrible doom for their falsehood.
Whereas Allâh provides sustenance to people and does not require any sustenance from them, other gods cannot provide sustenance for their devotees but rather require sustenance from them. Allâh exhorts Rasulullâh Sallallâhu ‘alayhi wasallam not to be distressed about the aversion of the Kuffâr, but to be patient because Allâh will definitely assist him. The Sûrâh makes it clear that none will be required to account for the actions of another on the Day of Qiyâmah and every person will be held responsible for his/her own acts. On the Day of Qiyâmah the Kuffâr will come to learn the errors of their ways. On that day, all kingdoms will belong solely to Allâh and none shall have any say in any matter.
After describing how Ibrahîm recognised Allâh as his true Deity, Allâh tells the Quraysh of Makkah that his people denied him just as they (the Quraysh) deny the message of Rasulullâh Sallallâhu ‘alayhi wasallam. The conclusion is drawn from this that the Quraysh also stand to face the same destructive consequences as the people of Ibrahîm Alayhis Salâm did.
Allâh also points out that the worst oppressor is the one who lies about Allâh and who rebels against Allâh’s commands. Oppressors will never be successful, especially in the Âkhirâh. Allâh has promised that the Day of Qiyâmah shall take place. Allâh advises the Women never to swear the gods of others so that they do not retort by swearing Allâh.
End of Seventh Juz
This summary, of the fifth Tarawîh covers the entire sixth Juz.
One of the central themes of Sûrah Mâ’idah is that the laws of the Sharî’ah must be revered and upheld. In explaining this, the following injunctions have been highlighted:
- Hunting is prohibited after entering into the ihrâm.
- Halâl animals may be consumed only when they are slaughtered in Allâh’s name. Carrion is Harâm, as is the flesh of: pigs, those animals that have been slaughtered in the name of any being besides Allâh, those animals that have been throttled, those that were beaten to death, those that fell to their deaths, those killed by collision, and those that died after being attacked by wild beasts.
- Allâh tells man that he should never attempt to foretell the future by means of omens and other means of divining because such acts are the practice of sinners. All good and evil are in Allâh’s control. Allâh tells the Muslims that they should have firm faith in their Dîn of Islâm which Allâh has perfected, thereby completing His enormous bounty on them. Therefore, Muslims should uphold the sanctity of Islâmic injunctions and critically distinguish between the lawful and the unlawful. Muslims are enjoined to abstain from evil and to be grateful.
Sûrah Mâ’idah contains laws that relate to man’s religious, civil, social and political life. This Sûrah contains detailed guidance about:
- The etiquette of the Hajj journey
- Revering the landmarks of Dîn
- The perimeters of Halâl and Harâm
- Marriage and interaction with the Ahlul Kitâb [Jews and Christians]
- The laws of Wudhu, Ghusl and Tayammum
- Dealing with rebellion
- The punishment for robbery and theft
- The prohibition of liquor and gambling
- The Kafâra [atonement] for breaking vows and
- The detailed laws concerning testimony
Allâh ordains that the hand of a male or female thief is to be cut off. The Muslims are also warned against taking the Jews and Christians as friends. Allâh makes it clear that the belief in the ‘Trinity’ constitutes kufr and that enmity and hatred for the Muslims have been entrenched into the hearts of the Kuffâr until Qiyâmah.
Allâh entreats Rasulullâh Sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam, not to be grieved about the disbelief of the Kuffâr because he is not responsible for them. Sûrah Mâ’idah also states that Jannah is forbidden for the Mushrikîn and that oppressors will have none to aid them against Allâh. Allâh says that those people of the past who adhered to the divine religions of their times will attain salvation if they firmly believed in Allâh and in the Day of Qiyâmah.
End of the Sixth Juz
This summary, of the fourth Juz commences at the beginning of Sûrah Nisâ and concludes at the end of the fifth Juz (verse 147 of Sûrah Nisâ).
To avenge their defeat at Badr, the Mushrikîn of Makkah mustered large force to attack Madinah the following year. The two armies locked in combat near Mount Uhud.
The Muslims were on the brink of victory when a dispute between some Muslims resulted in their defeat. Instead of remaining at their posts as instructed, they left their posts to gather the booty. As a result of this, victory was turned into defeat and Rasulullâh Sallallâhu ‘alayhi wasallam sustained a serious injury to his face. The Munâfiqîn [hypocrites] also plotted against the Muslims and made every effort to cause discord within the ranks of the Muslims. In this part of Sûrah Nisâ, Allâh points out the weaknesses of the Muslims and provides corrective measures to remedy them.
Allâh also mentions the people who misinterpret the verses of the Qur’ân to meet their own ends. Such people are warned about a terrible punishment from Allâh. Allâh also forbids the Mu’minîn from taking the Kuffâr as their confidantes.
Allâh emphatically prohibits false oaths and miserliness. Allâh also declares that a person’s family and wealth are tests for him and should not be regarded as the criteria for salvation. Salvation can be attained only by developing Taqwa. The Mu’min sincerely believes in the Qur’ân, begs Allâh for his needs in all sincerity and does not seek payment from people for reciting the Qur’ân. The rewards for the pious Mu’minîn are secure with their Rabb in the Âkhirâh, where they will definitely receive it.
Allâh exhorts the Mu’minîn to remain steadfast on the battlefield when confronted by the enemy and not to falter in their tracks. Allâh also praises the gentle temperament and excellent character of Rasulullâh towards the Muslims, a factor that contributed greatly towards the spread of Islâm.
The following guidance for social reformation is given:
- Allâh strictly prohibits unlawful earnings and extorting money and property from others. For example, Allâh enjoins people to fully restore the wealth and property belonging to orphans. Allâh also cautions the guardians of orphans against substituting the good possessions of the orphans with their inferior ones.
- Allâh makes it clear that a man is limited to only four wives at a time. Allâh also tells man that he should rather have only one wife if he fears that he would be unable to deal justly with them all. Due and amicable payment of dowry is emphasised in this Sûrah along with the specific shares of inheritance that heirs are to receive. Of course, Allâh clarifies that the settlement of debts is of paramount importance before dissolving any estate.
- To purge society of the filth of adultery and fornication, Allâh has ordained that when four upright persons testify to witnessing any of these acts, those found guilty must be severely punished. Allâh also emphasises the importance of Taubah [repentance], which will be accepted only when it is sincerely done before a person’s dying moments.
End of Fourth Juz
Beginning of Fifth Juz
- The laws pertaining to marriage and dowry are discussed. Allâh enumerates all those women whom a person cannot marry, as well as those whom he is allowed to marry. Allâh also states that the stipulated dowry may be increased or decreased after marriage with the mutual consent of the couple.
While it is permissible to take a profit from a mutually agreed contract of sale, extortion and oppression are forbidden in all circumstances. Jahannam will be the punishment for committing these grave sins. When a person abstains from major sins and carries out good acts, his minor sins are forgiven.
Allâh also says that a wife may be disciplined if she is disobedient and cannot be controlled. However, it is a grave sin to search for her faults so that she can be disciplined. If discord creeps into marriage and the couple cannot reconcile by themselves, an arbiter should be appointed to settle the matter.
Furthermore, Allâh states that a humiliating punishment will seize people who are miserly and ungrateful. With regard to the laws Salâh, Allâh mentions that Salâh may not be performed in a state impurity and in a state of intoxication. It is a major sin to perform Salâh in any of these conditions. If water is not available for wudhu for a bath, a person may purify himself for Salâh by making Tayammum.
Allâh exhorts Muslims to return to the rightful owners the trusts of others that they have in their possession, and that they should abstain from oppression and treachery. Allâh also commands the Mu’minîn to wage jihâd, emphasising that martyrdom is an exalted position and that fear for death is an act of cowardice.
Man is told in this part of Sûrah Nisâ that testimony should be given truthfully and in unambiguous terms even though it may have adverse repercussions on oneself or on one’s family members. Another statement of extreme importance is the verse where Allâh declares that although He may forgive any sin, He will never forgive the act of shirk.
End of Fifth Juz
This summary of the third Tarawîh commences at verse 18 of Sûrah Âl-e Imran and concludes at the end of Sûrah Âl-e Imrân.
Allâh speaks of Îsa Alayhis Salâm and his mother Maryam Radiallâhu anha. When she was placed in the care of Zakariyya Alayhis Salâm he noticed that she used to eat fruits that were not in season.
Upon enquiry, she told him that it was from Allâh who sustains whomsoever He wills without any restrictions. This Sûrah mentions the miraculous birth of Îsa Alayhis Salâm from Maryam Radiallâhu anha without a father. As an infant in his cradle, Îsa spoke to the people and attested to his miraculous birth. This was just one of his many miracles that are mentioned in this Sûrah. Allâh assures people that Îsa Alayhis Salâm was neither killed nor crucified, but that he was lifted alive to the heavens.
Rasulullâh Sallallâhu ‘alayhi wasallam has informed us that Îsa Alayhis Salâm shall return to this world just before Qiyâmah to slay Dajjâl. He will then pass away naturally. However, the Christians adamantly believe that he was crucified.
The Christians were just as opposed to Islâm as the Jews were. Therefore, Allâh instructed Rasulullâh Sallallâhu ‘alayhi wasallam to issue a challenge of Mubâhala to them. The term Mubâhala is a challenge between two opposing factions where each gathers his family members and they collectively invoke Allâh’s punishment on the opposite faction saying, “O Allâh! Curse the party of us that is false and lying.” However, the group of Christians whom Rasulullâh Sallallâhu ‘alayhi wasallam challenged shrank in fear from the challenge.
This part of Sûrah Âl-e Imrân discusses both the Battle of Badr as well as the Battle of Uhud. During the Battle of Badr the Muslims were only 313 in number and did not even have sufficient arms to fight with. On the other hand, the Mushrikîn were over a thousand and were armed to the teeth. However, Allâh sent thousands of angels to assist the Muslim army and they convincingly vanquished the enemy. This battle was the first battle that the Muslims fought.
This summary of the second Tarawîh begins at the second quarter of the second Juz and concludes midway into the third Juz (at verse 18 of Sûrah Âl-e Imrân)
To a very large extent, Sûrah Baqara discusses the complete message of Islâm, dealing with matters such as the rights of Allâh, the rights of man, the method of living and the principles of social interaction. It also outlines laws pertaining to Salâh, Zakâh and Hajj.
In addition to this, charity, social welfare, mutual consultation, marriage, divorce, Iddah [waiting period after a woman is divorced or widowed], bequests, commerce and giving loans are also discussed. The Sûrah also presents many commands and prohibitions, devoting much attention to matters that are permissible and those that are not. These may be referred to as a complete code of life.
The details of Imân and the criteria of Imân are also discussed in this part of the Sûrah. Allâh emphasises that people should believe in Allâh, His Messenger, the Day of Qiyâmah, the angels, all His other Ambiyâ Alayhimus Salâm and all the Divine Scriptures that were revealed to various Ambiyâ Alayhimus Salâm during their respective periods. Allâh also commands Muslims to spend generously on their parents, relatives, the poor, orphans, travellers and those slaves who wish to purchase their freedom.
Allâh commands that a murderer be executed [Qisâs]. However, if the heirs of the murdered person choose to rather accept the blood money, it will have to be paid. Fasting is ordained in this Sûrah, but people who are unable to fast have been granted certain concessions. Allâh makes it clear that marriage of Muslims to Mushrikîn men and women is prohibited. In addition to this, the Sûrah makes it clear that children are allowed to be suckled for a maximum period of two years.
End of Second Juz
Beginning of Third Juz
Allâh declares all interest-related transactions to be undeniably Harâm towards the end of Sûrah Baqara. The Sûrah also relates the incidents of two Ambiyâ Alayhimus Salâm whose hearts Allâh put at ease when He demonstrated to them how He resurrects the dead. Throughout Sûrah Baqara, Allâh repeatedly emphasises the importance of pondering over the verses of the Qur’ân. At the very end of the Sûrah, Allâh teaches man the method of making du’â as well as the words to be used.
The first eighteen verses of Sûrah Âl-e Imrân make it clear that only Allâh is worthy of worship, that the Day of Qiyâmah will certainly dawn and that the people will definitely be rewarded and punished for their actions. Allâh tells mankind that the Qur’ân was revealed to distinguish between truth and falsehood. Allâh also speaks of the Battle of Badr in this Sûrah. If the Mu’minîn were to ponder about the stunning victory that the Muslims earned in this battle, they can learn volumes about Allâh’s power. The true Mu’minîn are defined as people who persevere through hardships, who spend their wealth in Allâh’s way and awaken during the latter part of the night to beg pardon from Allâh.
This summary covers the first one and a quarter Juzu of the Qur’ân, beginning with Sûrah Fâtiha and concluding with verse 176 of Sûrah Baqara.
Start of First Juz
Sûrah Fâtiha is usually referred to as Al Hamd Sharîf. Although this Sûrah was not the first Sûrah of the Qur’ân to be revealed, it is the first to be written in Qur’ânic manuscripts and the first to be recited when commencing recitation (Tilâwah) of the Qur’ân.
Sûrah Fâtiha is a du’â [supplication] that Allâh has taught mankind. Therefore, when a person recites Sûrah Fâtiha, s/he is actually making a du’â to Allâh. The rest of the Qur’ân follows as a reply to this du’â. In this du’â a person pleads to Allâh to show him the straight path [Sirâtul Mustaqîm]. Thereafter, Allâh gives man the entire Qur’ân as the guidance he asked for and as a description of the Sirâtul Mustaqîm which he wants to tread.
Sûrah Baqara follows Sûrah Fâtiha, in which Allâh says that the Qur’ân is a guide for people who have Taqwa. Therefore, the Qur’ân may not benefit those who have no desire for guidance and direction. Such people will be deprived of its illumination and shall remain spiritually deaf, dumb and blind. In Sûrah Baqara, Allâh invokes man to believe in the unseen, to establish Salâh and to spend in Allâh’s way from the provisions that He has granted. The details of Imân are described as belief in the Qur’ân, belief in all the previously revealed Divine Scriptures and conviction in the Âkhirâh.
Allâh also warns people against hypocrisy, warns the Kuffâr about the punishment of Jahannam, while also conveying the glad tidings of Jannah to the Mu’minîn. It is in this part of Sûrah Baqara that Allâh speaks about the creation of Âdam Alayhis Salâm and his appointment as Allâh’s viceroy on earth. The test between the knowledge of Âdam and the angels is mentioned, together with Allâh’s command to the angels to prostrate before Âdam. While all the angels complied, Iblîs refused. As a result of his arrogance, he was cursed and expelled from Jannah. Thereafter, the accursed Iblîs, tricked Adam Alayhis Salâm and Hawa Radiallâhu anha into eating from the forbidden tree. Thereafter, they were sent to live on earth. They repented to Allâh and were forgiven.
Allâh also speaks of the time when He summoned Mûsa Alayhis Salâm to Mount Tûr to receive the Torah [Taurat]. In his absence, the Bani Isrâ’îl began to worship the calf. However, they were forgiven for this act when they repented. On a daily basis Allâh provided them with Manna and Salwa to eat from the heavens, and also provided water for them from twelve springs that gushed from a rock. Allâh describes how these Jews were ungrateful for Allâh’s bounties and how they behaved rebelliously and insolently. This, together with their hypocritical conduct drew Allâh’s punishment upon them.
Thereafter, Allâh speaks about Ibrahîm Alayhis Salâm who was successful in every trial that Allâh put him through. As a reward for this, Allâh made him a guide of mankind. Allâh commanded him and his son Ismâ’îl Alayhis Salâm to construct the Ka’bah, which they duly did. Ibrahîm Alayhis Salâm made du’â to Allâh to raise a Nabî from among his progeny who would be a guide for mankind. Allâh accepted this du’â by raising Muhammad Sallallâhu ‘alayhi wasallam, as a Nabî to the universe, via whom guidance spread throughout the world.
End of First Juz
Beginning of Second Juz
The beginning of the second Juz discusses the change of Qiblah. Allâh commands the Muslims to face towards the Ka’bah instead of Baitul Muqaddas [Jerusalem] when performing Salâh. Consequently, Muslims will always be required to face towards the Ka’bah wherever they may be. Allâh also prohibits the eating of carrion (dead animals), blood, swine and all animals that have been sacrificed in the name of any being besides Allâh.
Make dua for Mufti Afzal Hoosain Ilyas for this summary.