Eid ul Fitr: The Celebration after Ramadan

  • Eid ul Fitr occurs at the end of Ramadan, and is a day for festivity and worship

Eid ul Fitr occurs on the 1st of Shawwaal and is a day in which people should rejoice within the boundaries set by Allah. It marks the completion of fasting during the month of Ramadan.

In this article we have outlined the sunnahs of Eid and how we should conduct ourselves – Eid Mubarak in advance!

  • Have you paid Zakaat ul Fitr?

Zakaat ul Fitr should have been paid before the Eid prayer.

Ibn Umar narrated that the Prophet (ﷺ) ordered the people to pay Zakat-ul-Fitr before going to the ‘Eid prayer. [Sahih Al-Bukhari Hadith 2.585]

The head of the household should pay for each dependent in his household, even a small child or baby. The amount is calculated based upon the local staple food, and Islamic Centre Edgware has set this as £5 per person. So, a family of four, a man, his wife and two children, will need to pay £20.

It should be paid with enough time that the people who are eligible for it will be able to use it to celebrate Eid themselves. It can be paid during the end of Ramadan. More details on zakat ul fitr can be found here.

  • It is recommended to perform a full bath (ghusl) on the morning of Eid

It was narrated in a saheeh hadeeth in al-Muwatta’ and elsewhere that ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Umar used to do ghusl on the day of al-Fitr before going out to the prayer-place in the morning. [Al-Muwatta’ 428]

Al- Nawawi (may Allah have mercy on him) said that the Muslims were unanimously agreed that it is mustahabb (recommended) to do ghusl for Eid prayer.

  • New or best clothes should be worn, but women must ensure that they are properly covered in public

It was narrated that Jaabir (may Allah be pleased with him) said: The Prophet (ﷺ) had a cloak which he would wear on the two Eids and on Fridays. [Saheeh Ibn Khuzaymah, 1756]

Al-Bayhaqi also narrated that the companions Ibn ‘Umar used to wear his best clothes on Eid.

So, a man should wear the best clothes that he has when going out for Eid.

With regard to women, they too should wear their best clothes however they should take care not to exceed the boundaries of what is permissible to wear in public. Therefore, they should avoid perfume, make up or clothes which may attract the attention of non-mahram men.

  • It is recommended to eat before one goes to the Eid prayer on the Day of Eid ul Fitr

On Eid al-Fitr it is mustahabb (recommended) to eat an odd number of dates before leaving for the Eid prayer, because the Prophet (ﷺ) did not set out on the day of Eid until he had eaten an odd number of dates.

Anas bin Malik narrated that Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) never proceeded (for the prayer) on the Day of ‘Eid-ul-Fitr unless he had eaten some dates. Anas also narrated: The Prophet used to eat odd number of dates. [Sahih Al-Bukhari Hadith 2.73]

This is to differentiate the day of Eid from the days of fasting.

  • People should perform the Eid prayer in a central location

A special prayer is held on the day of Eid that should be attended. It is a day of worship and being grateful to Allah for His many blessings.

  • Women are also encouraged to go to the Eid Prayer if possible

Women are also encouraged to go to the Eid prayer as long as all of the Islamic conditions are fulfilled especially relating to dressing and interacting. Islamic Centre Edgware will be holding four jamaats and women and families are welcome in them all.

  • The Eid Prayer is a two unit prayer with extra takbeers followed by a khutba (sermon)

The person should recite their supplications of the Tahleel, (La illaaha illa Allah), Tahmeed, (Alhamdulillah), Tasbeeh, (Subhaanallah) and Takbeer, (Allahu Akbar) until the Imam comes out.

He should then perform the Eid prayer following the Imam. In the first rak’at the beginning, the Imam does extra Takbeers, and in the second rak’at, he also does extra takbeers. There is a difference of opinion amongst the schools of thought as to how many are done, but it is necessary to follow the imam.

As for the way we will be performing the eid prayer it will be as such:

After the first takbeer the hands are folded and thanaa is recited.

Then there are three other takbeer with loose hands at the sides for the first two and hands folded on the third one.

The ta’awwudh, bismillah and al-Faatiha are recited as normal.

The second rak’at is as normal until after the al-Faatiha and surah, after which there are three additional takbeers with hands loose at the sides, before the fourth one which is to go into rukoo.

The rest of the prayer as is done normally.

For the other ways of praying the eid prayer, it can also be where there are six or seven takbeers in the first rak’at before bowing and going into sujood. When the Imam rises, there are an additional five takbeers.

After the Eid prayer one should listen to the khutbah.

Ibn Umar narrated that Allah’s Messenger, Abu Bakr and Umar used to offer the two ‘Eid prayers before delivering the Khutba. [Sahih Al-Bukhari Hadith 2.80]

  • Men often embrace one another after the prayer and give Eid greetings – women do the same

It was narrated that Jubayr ibn Nufayr said: When the companions of the Prophet (ﷺ) met one another on the day of Eid, they would say to one another, “May Allah accept (good deeds) from us and from you.” (Taqabbul Allaahu Minaa wa minkum)

Offering congratulations was something that was well known among the Sahaabah, and scholars such as Imam Ahmad and others allowed it. There is evidence which suggests that it is prescribed to offer congratulations and good wishes on special occasions, and that the Sahaabah congratulated one another when good things happened, such as when Allah accepted the repentance of a man, they went and congratulated him for that, and so on.

Undoubtedly these congratulations are among the noble characteristics among the Muslims.

The least that may be said concerning the subject of congratulations is that you should return the greetings of those who congratulate you on Eid, and keep quiet if others keep quiet, as Imam Ahmad (may Allah have mercy on him) said: If anyone congratulates you, then respond, otherwise do not initiate it.

  • It is recommended to walk to the prayer, and return from the Eid prayer via a different route

Jabir bin Abdullah said: On the Day of Eid the Prophet (ﷺ) used to return (after offering the Eid prayer) through a way different from that by which he went. [Sahih Al-Bukhari Hadith 2.102]

It was said that the reason for that was so that the two routes would testify for him on the Day of Resurrection, for the earth will speak on the Day of Resurrection and say what was done on it, both good and bad.

Ibn ‘Umar said: The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) used to go out to the Eid (prayer) walking and come back walking. [Sunan Ibn Maajah Hadith 1295]

‘Ali ibn Abi Taalib said: It is Sunnah to go out to the Eid (prayer) walking. [Jami’ at-Tirmidhi, Hadith 530]

It is therefore better for us to walk to the masjid since we are rewarded for every single step. However, if we do drive to the masjid we should not cause a nuisance and park inconsiderably causing inconvenience to others.

  • It is common for people to visit each other and give gifts or money, especially to children

Because Eid is a time for celebration, it is customary to invite and share the feast with family, enjoying ourselves, but in a halaal way that does not impinge upon the forbidden. Children should be given money and gifts to keep them happy and to make it feel like a celebration.

The management and volunteers of Islamic Centre Edgware wish you and your families a blessed Eid!

islamiccentreedgware.org (UA-24278895)islamiccentreedgware.org (UA-24278895)