Eid ul Fitr: The Celebration after Ramadan

In this article we have outlined the sunnahs of Eid and how we should conduct ourselves especially in this unusual time of social distancing –  Eid Mubarak in advance!

We are living in a very unusual time of a pandemic which has forced our Mosques and Centres to have limited capacity due to social distancing. The current circumstances have meant that when we do attend the prayers we, as responsible citizens, are required to maintain social distancing and wear our facemasks at all times when in the centre. Wudu facilities are closed and all attendees are expected to bring their prayer mat and shoebag and comply with all guidance from staff.

 

About Eid ul Fitr

Eid ul Fitr occurs on the 1st of Shawwaal and is a day in which people should rejoice within the boundaries set by Allah. It marks the completion of fasting during the month of Ramadan.

Before Eid arrives, make sure you have paid Zakaat ul Fitr, as it should have been paid before the Eid prayer.

Ibn Umar narrated that the Prophet (ﷺ) ordered the people to pay Zakat-ul-Fitr before going to the ‘Eid prayer. [Sahih Al-Bukhari Hadith 2.585]

The head of the household should pay for each dependent in his household, even a small child or baby. The amount is calculated based upon handfuls the local staple food, and Islamic Centre Edgware has set this as £5 per person. So, a family of four, a man, his wife and two children, will need to pay £20.

It should be paid with enough time that the people who are eligible for it will be able to use it to celebrate Eid themselves. It can be paid during the end of Ramadan. More details on zakat ul fitr can be found here.

It is recommended to perform a full bath (ghusl) on the morning of Eid.

‘Abdullah ibn ‘Umar used to do ghusl on the day of al-Fitr before going out to the prayer-place in the morning. [Al-Muwatta’ 428]

Al- Nawawi (may Allah have mercy on him) said that the Muslims were unanimously agreed that it is mustahabb (recommended) to do ghusl for Eid prayer.

New or best clothes should be worn.

It was narrated that Jaabir (may Allah be pleased with him) said: The Prophet (ﷺ) had a cloak which he would wear on the two Eids and on Fridays. [Saheeh Ibn Khuzaymah, 1756]

Al-Bayhaqi also narrated that the companions Ibn ‘Umar used to wear his best clothes on Eid.

So, a man should wear the best clothes that he has when going out for Eid.

With regard to women, they too should wear their best clothes however they should take care not to exceed the boundaries of what is permissible to wear in public. Therefore, they should avoid perfume, make up or clothes which may attract the attention of non-mahram men.

On Eid al-Fitr it is mustahabb (recommended) to eat an odd number of dates before leaving for the Eid prayer, because the Prophet (ﷺ) did not set out on the day of Eid until he had eaten an odd number of dates.

Anas bin Malik narrated that Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) never proceeded (for the prayer) on the Day of ‘Eid-ul-Fitr unless he had eaten some dates. Anas also narrated: The Prophet used to eat odd number of dates. [Sahih Al-Bukhari Hadith 2.73]

This is to differentiate the day of Eid from the days of fasting.

Bookings are required for the Eid prayer, but we will also have walk in capacity in all prayers. It is essential to wear a facemask and bring prayer mat and shoe bag. There will not be any wudu facilities.

You can book here now

A special prayer is held on the day of Eid that should be attended if possible. It is a day of worship and being grateful to Allah for His many blessings. Women are also encouraged to go to the Eid prayer as long as all of the Islamic conditions are fulfilled especially relating to dressing and interacting.

Families welcome – ladies hall will be available for women but as with all halls, this will be subject to capacity.

The Eid Prayer is a two unit prayer with extra takbeers followed by a khutbah (sermon)

The person should recite their supplications of the Tahleel, (La illaaha illa Allah), Tahmeed, (Alhamdulillah), Tasbeeh, (Subhaanallah) and Takbeer, (Allahu Akbar) until the Imam comes out.

Details on how to perform the prayer at the end of this article.

After the Eid prayers, Men often embrace one another after the prayer and give Eid greetings – women do the same with other women. We would kindly as that you refrain from doing this or even shaking hands as we must maintain our social distancing. it will sufficient to congratulate each other instead with the same words used by the companions.

It was narrated that Jubayr ibn Nufayr said: When the companions of the Prophet (ﷺ) met one another on the day of Eid, they would say to one another, “May Allah accept (good deeds) from us and from you.” (Taqabbul Allaahu Minaa wa minkum)

It is recommended to walk to the prayer, and return from the Eid prayer via a different route

Jabir bin Abdullah said: On the Day of Eid the Prophet (ﷺ) used to return (after offering the Eid prayer) through a way different from that by which he went. [Sahih Al-Bukhari Hadith 2.102]

It was said that the reason for that was so that the two routes would testify for him on the Day of Resurrection, for the earth will speak on the Day of Resurrection and say what was done on it, both good and bad.

Ibn ‘Umar said: The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) used to go out to the Eid (prayer) walking and come back walking. [Sunan Ibn Maajah Hadith 1295]

It is better for us to walk to the masjid since we are rewarded for every single step. However, if we do drive to the masjid we should not cause a nuisance and park inconsiderably causing inconvenience to others.

‘Ali ibn Abi Taalib said: It is Sunnah to go out to the Eid (prayer) walking. [Jami’ at-Tirmidhi, Hadith 530]

Because Eid is a time for celebration, it is customary to invite and share the feast with family, enjoying ourselves, but in a halaal way that does not impinge upon the forbidden. Children should be given money and gifts to keep them happy and to make it feel like a celebration. As the restrictions are ending on May 17th, it may be better to wait until after that date.

 

The Eid Prayer

The Eid prayer is prayer behind an Imam similar to jumu’ah except that the Khutbah (speech) is after the prayer and there are extra takbeers in the two- unit prayer. The prayer can be done in different ways and we have listed below the different methods of performing it, but it is necessary to follow the imam.

The Hanafi Method

As for the way we will be performing the  first two Eid prayers (7 and 8 am) it will be as such:

After the first takbeer the hands are folded and thanaa is recited.

Then there are three other takbeers for which the hands are raised and left loose at the sides for the first two and hands folded on the third one.

The ta’awwudh, bismillah and al-Faatiha are recited as normal, followed by rukoo and sujood.

The second rak’at is as normal until the al-Faatiha and surah, after which there are three additional takbeers with hands loose at the sides, before the fourth takbeer to go into rukoo.

The rest of the prayer as is done normally.

The Other Schools of Thought

For the other prayers (9 am  and 10 am) we will be following the Shafi’ie and Hanbali schools of thought of praying the Eid prayer.

Aisha, Ummul Mu’minin narrated that the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) would say the takbeer (Allah is most great) seven times in the first rak’ah and five times in the second rak’ah on the day of the breaking of the fast and on the day of sacrifice (on the occasion of both the Eid prayers, the two festivals). [Sunan of Abu-Dawood Hadith 1145]

According to the Shafi’ies, one makes the opening takbeer and the thanaa, and then follows it with seven more takbeer. In between each takbeer one says ‘Subhanallah, wal humdulillah wa laa ilaha il allah wa-llahu akbar’ and raises the hands each time and then placing the right hand upon the left. This is followed by ta’awwudh and the prayer continues as normal until the person stands after the sujood. There are five takbeers, not counting the one for standing before the ta’awwudh.

The Hanbalis and Malikis do it similarly, except they include the first takbeer as a part of the seven, and so they perform six takbeer extra. It should also be noted that the Malikis do not raise their hands each time between the takbeers.

After the Eid prayer one should listen to the khutbah.

Ibn Umar narrated that Allah’s Messenger, Abu Bakr and Umar used to offer the two ‘Eid prayers before delivering the khutbah. [Sahih Al-Bukhari Hadith 2.80]

The management and volunteers of Islamic Centre Edgware wish you and your families a blessed Eid!