In this article we have outlined the sunnahs of Eid and how we should conduct ourselves especially in this unusual time.
We are living in a very unusual time of a pandemic which has forced our Mosques and Centres to be closed and a national lockdown has meant that we, as responsible citizens, are required to isolate and not leave our homes unless it is a necessity. For those that are required to go outside, they should maintain social distancing. This also means there will not be any communal prayers and we should not meet with other people that do not live with us, be they close family or friends, in order to avoid the spread of Covid-19.
Eid ul Fitr is a day for festivity and worship
Eid ul Fitr occurs on the 1st of Shawwaal and is a day in which people should rejoice within the boundaries set by Allah. It marks the completion of fasting during the month of Ramadan.
The Days of Eid are celebrations so the day of Eid ul Fitr should be a joyous one, where the long days of fasting should be replaced by feasting and thanking Allah for the bounties he has bestowed upon us.
Aisha reported that the Prophet (ﷺ) said, “Verily, every community has a celebration and this day is our celebration.” [Sahih Al-Bukhari, Hadith 3716]
Ordinarily we would have friends and family share in our feasts, but on this occasion this year because of our circumstances, it is an opportunity to spend quality time with our immediate families. Children should still be given gifts, money or treats if they are in the same household or can be sent gifts via mail.
Online meetings can be arranged to check up on the well-being of friends and family and to exchange congratulations on this joyous day.
There will be no Eid Prayers at the Mosques or open spaces due to Covid 19, but the sunnah should still be performed
Despite this, we should still follow the sunnahs of Eid. These sunnahs include having a ghusl on the morning of Eid, wearing good clothes, and eating an odd number of dates in the morning.
The person can recite their supplications of the Tahleel, (La illaaha illa Allah), Tahmeed, (Alhamdulillah), Tasbeeh, (Subhaanallah) and Takbeer, (Allahu Akbar) in the morning.
Firstly, have you paid Zakaat ul Fitr?
Zakaat ul Fitr should have been paid before the Eid prayer. Even though there may not be any prayers at the Mosques, the giving of Zakaat ul Fitr is still an obligation that must be fulfilled.
Ibn Umar narrated that the Prophet (ﷺ) ordered the people to pay Zakat-ul-Fitr before going to the ‘Eid prayer. [Sahih Al-Bukhari Hadith 2.585]
The head of the household should pay for each dependent in his household, even a small child or baby. The amount is calculated based upon the local staple food, and Islamic Centre Edgware has set this as £5 per person. So, a family of four, a man, his wife and two children, will need to pay £20.
It should be paid with enough time that the people who are eligible for it will be able to use it to celebrate Eid themselves. It can be paid during the end of Ramadan. More details on zakat ul fitr can be found here and you can make a payment here.
Can Eid prayer be performed at home?
Most of the schools of thought require or recommend that the prayer is performed at home by the one who does not, or cannot, pray in congregation in a publicly designated place, such as the park, mosque or Islamic centre. The Hanafi school of thought stipulates that the Eid Prayer is an individual obligation and can only be performed communally at a public centre. But if this is not possible, the predominant Hanafi view is that the Eid prayer does not need to be performed, although four rak’at of optional prayer (nafl) can be performed to thank Allah for the blessings of Ramadan.
As for the Shafi’ie, Maliki and Hanbali (and some Hanafis), it is prayed but without the khutba (sermon). For the Malikis, it should only be prayed alone when at home.
The time in which it should be prayer is a little bit after the sun has fully risen, and it needs to be prayed before the zawaal time of noon, so about 20 minutes before Zuhr starts.
The performance of Eid Prayer at home
As the Hanafis would only pray four rak’at in the manner of any ordinary sunnahs without any extra takbeer, there is no need to elaborate upon how this is done. For the method of performing the Eid prayer it will be as follows.
The salaah consists of two rak’at with twelve extra takbeers, seven in the first after the opening takbeer, and five in the second before the recitation of the Qur’an.
Aisha, Ummul Mu’minin narrated that the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) would say the takbeer (Allah is most great) seven times in the first rak’ah and five times in the second rak’ah on the day of the breaking of the fast and on the day of sacrifice (on the occasion of both the Eid prayers, the two festivals). [Sunan of Abu-Dawood Hadith 1145]
According to the Shafi’ies, one makes the opening takbeer and the dua al istiftaah (thanaa), and then follows it with seven more takbeer. This is followed by ta’awwudh and the prayer continues as normal until the person stands after the sujood. There are five takbeers, not counting the one for standing before the ta’awwudh. In between each takbeer one says ‘Subhanallah, wal humdulillah wa laa ilaha il allah wa-llahu akbar’ and raises the hands each time and then placing the right hand upon the left.
The Hanbalis and Malikis do it similarly, except they include the first takbeer as a part of the seven, and so they perform six takbeer extra. It should also be noted that the Malikis do not raise their hands each time between the takbeers.
We pray that Allah accepts our fasting and worship during the blessed month of Ramadan and that we are able to overcome this pandemic that we are facing so we can once again open and populate our masjid.
The management and volunteers of Islamic Centre Edgware wish you and your families a blessed Eid!