A Study of Selected Verses of the Qur’ān

Islamic Centre Edgware is please to announce a new weekly class to be delivered by our Imams in which they will select some verses of the Qur’an and explain them in the correct manner. It is hoped that theses circles will be gatherings of remembrance of Allah which would benefit all those involved.

We have summarised below the importance of our weekly Tafseer sessions and why we have organised them.

The Qur’ān is the divine revelation sent to mankind. It is not a book only for honouring and keeping holy, nor is it only a book for ceremonies, nor is it a book only for scientific knowledge and nor is only a history book. Rather the Qur’ān is an honoured, divine, complete code of life with information about the past, present and future.

The Qur’ān instructs mankind to ponder over it and contemplate about the Qur’ān, its content and its revelation to the final messenger.

(This is) a Book (the Qur’ān) which We have sent down to you, full of blessings that they may ponder over its Verses, and that men of understanding may remember. [38:29]

Do they not then consider the Qur’ān carefully? Had it been from other than Allah, they would surely have found therein much contradictions. [4:82]

It is only those who are closed minded and wish to keep away from Islam that have their hearts locked.

Do they not then think deeply in the Qur’ān, or are their hearts locked up (from understanding it)? [47:24]

Thus for those who wish to sincerely know the meanings of the Qur’ān, it becomes easy to understand.

As the Qur’ān is the main source of guidance, it is no surprise therefore that it should be understood correctly in the context that it was revealed.

This (the Qur’ān) is a plain statement for mankind, a guidance and instruction to those who are Al-Muttaqoon (those who have piety).  [3:138]

The companions would take the task of learning the Qur’ān very seriously and not rush in learning verses without their correct meanings.

Abu Abdur Rahmān Al-Aslami reported: The companions of the Prophet (ﷺ) would learn ten verses from the Messenger of Allah and they would not take another ten verses until they learned their interpretation and ruling. They said, “We would learn knowledge and action together.” [Musnad Ahmad Hadith 22971]

The companions would ensure that they had the correct understanding, with the prophet (ﷺ) indicating which of the companions had the best understanding of it.

Ibn Abbas reported: The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) put his hand on my shoulder and he said, “O Allah, give him understanding in religion and teach him the interpretation of the Qur’ān.” [Musnad Ahmad Hadith 2874]

Abdullah (bin Masood) said, “By Allah other than Whom none has the right to be worshipped! There is no Surah revealed in Allah’s Book but I know at what place it was revealed; and there is no Verse revealed in Allah’s Book but I know about whom it was revealed. And if I know that there is somebody who knows Allah’s Book better than I, and he is at a place that camels can reach, I would go to him.” [Sahih Al-Bukhāri Hadith 6.524]

As the Qur’ān was sent as a code of life, it is necessary to apply what is commanded in it. The prophet (ﷺ) was an example of this.

Sa’d ibn Hisham reported: ….Ammār said, “O mother of the believers, tell me about the character of the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ)” Aisha said, “Have you not read the Qur’ān? Verily, the character of the Messenger of Allah was the Qur’ān.” [Sunan Abu Dawood Hadith 1342]

Therefore in addition to reciting the Qur’ān, it is necessary to also act according to it by deeming lawful what it permits, and deeming forbidden what it forbids; by avoiding what it prohibits and acting on its commands.

Abu Hurayrah narrated that Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) said, “Learn and recite the Qur’ān, for to one who learns, recites and uses it in prayer at night, it is like a bag filled with musk whose fragrance is diffused everywhere; and he who learns it and goes to sleep having it within him, is like a bag with musk tied up in it.” [Sunan Ibn Mājah Hadith 217]

Ali ibn Abu Tālib narrated that Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) said, “If anyone recites the Qur’ān, learns it by heart, declares what is lawful in it to be lawful and what is unlawful in it to be unlawful, Allah will bring him into Paradise and make him the intercessor for ten of his family all of whom have deserved Hell.” [Jāmi Al-Tirmidhi Hadith 2905]

Abu Musa narrated that the Prophet (ﷺ) said, “The example of a believer who recites the Qur’ān and acts on it, is like a citron which tastes nice and smells nice. And the example of a believer who does not recite the Qur’ān but acts on it, is like a date which tastes good but has no smell. And the example of a hypocrite who recites the Qur’ān is like a Raihana (sweet basil) which smells good but tastes bitter. And the example of a hypocrite who does not recite the Qur’ān is like a colocynth which tastes bitter and has a bad smell.” [Sahih Al-Bukhāri Hadith 6.579]

May Allah make us amongst those who listen, recite, learn, and act upon the Qur’ān as intended by Allah.

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